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Appleton, William S. (William Sumner). The Family of Badcock of Massachusetts. (Boston: David Clapp & Son, 1881)
page 1.
'I have no doubt that the family in Massachusetts was founded by David Badcock, who ... was probably father of George Badcock and Robert Badcock, both of Milton, and possibly father of James Badcock, ... Margaret, wife of Henry Leland of Sherborn, seems to have been sister of George and Robert Badcock ...' (The book contains some additional arguments in support of these theories.) 
Babcock, Margaret (I1188)

Philip FOWLER was born about 1590 in Marlborough, Wiltshire, England. He immigrated on 24 MAR 1633 from England to America. On the Ship "Mary & John" He took the Freeman Oath of the on 3 SEP 1634. He died on 24 JUN 1679 at Ipswich, Essex County, Massachusetts. (SOURCE: Early Vital Records of Essex County, Massachusetts to 1850 for Ipswich.) He was a Clothworker.
Arrived on the "John & Mary" 24 March 1633/34

THE PURITAN FAMILY by Edmund S. Morgan
Even when a master's commands were righteous, he could not enforce them by cruel methods. With servants as with children the Puritans discountenanced harshness where softer means would avail. As Willard put it, "Extreme Rigor here is extream wrong...we are not to make Asses of our Servants, whilst they may be treated as Men. Cotton Mather pointed out that the punishment of a disobedient servant should be so "moderated with Humanity that he may not be thereby Killed, or Maimed: Eye for Eye, Tooth for Tooth, and Life for Life, will be demanded, by the Righteous God, the Judge of the Creepled Servant. And before God demanded justice, the courts might do so.

When Philip Fowler was presented at the Essex County Court for abusing his servant, the court affirmed that they "justified any person in giving meet correction to his servant, which the boy deserved, yet they did no approve of the manner of punishment given in hanging him up by the heels as butchers do beast for the slaughter, and cautioned said Fowler against such kind of punishment." If a master's punishments maimed or disfigured his servants, the law required that they be set free--and may servants were set free when they proved that their masters had beaten them excessively.

Philip was one of the founders of New England. He embarked with his family, in the "Mary and John," of Londen, Robert SAYRES, master, and which lying in the river Thames, they "were made stay of untill further order" from the Council, 28 Feb. 1633/34, owing to misrepresentation of the colonies, by its enemies, which had then reached England, and the master was required, among other thingd, to give a bond of 100 Pounds, that the service of the Church of England should be said daily on board, and attended by the passengers, also that they should take the "Oathes of Allegiance and Supremacie," which were taken by the passengers, the 24th of March 1633/34, when they were allowed to proceed on their voyage, and arrived in New England, in May 1634.

He received a grant of land in Ipswich, Essex County, MA., the same year, on which he settled, and where he resided until his death. In 1882 it was still occupied by one of his descendants, bearing the family name.

In 1634 (3 Sept.) he took the Freeman's Oath.

In 1634/35 (5 Jan.) it was, by the town of Ipswich, "Given and granted unto John WEBSTER, and unto Mathias CURRIN (CURWEN), and unto Philip FOWLER, and unto William MOODY, and unto Thomas DORMAN, and unto Christopher OSGOOD, and unto Joseph MEDCALF, to each of them, four acres of meadow and marsh ground asit will arise in 20 poles or rods, by the land side, unto them, thier heirs or assigns, lying northward of the Twon, the marsh is not limited unto them."

In 1634/35 (26 Jan.) "Given and granted unti Mr. (Richard) WA(TTLES), Mr. (John) FAWN and to Philip FOWLER, and to Goodman ANDREWS, and to Christopher OSGOOD, a Hill of ground containing 30 acres of land, unto each of them 6 acres of land and unto their heirs forever."

In 1635 (20 April) "Granted to Philip FOWLER, thirty-four acres of land lying on the northwest side of the mile river, having the land of Richard JACOB on the northeast, and Mr.WOODMANSEY's farm on the southwest. Likewise ten acres in Jeffries neck, lying between John HASSAL and Robert ANDREWS. Likes six acres of meadow lying towards the neck, having the little neck on the northeast, Christopher OSGOOD on the northwest, and Mr. Thomas BRESEY on the southwest. Likewise six acres of planting ground on the hill north side of the town, having Christopher OSGOOD's towards the northwest, andGeorge VARNHAM southeast. Also an house lot in High Street, having Michael CARTWRIGHT on the northwest, and John HASSALL on the southeast, to enjoy to him, his heirs and assigns forever."

In 1636 "Granted Philip FOWLER, one house lot in the cross street called the meeting house lane, about one acre of ground, having John GAGE his house lot on the southeast, and Thomas SCOTT's houselot on the northwest. Also ten acres of upland lying beyond Muddy river, within the common fence, having ten acres of the like land of John WEBSTER's on the southeast, and tenn acres of Christopher OSGOOD's on the northwest. Also six acres of meadow near the highway to Jeffries neck, having a parcel of meadow of Mr. (John) TUTTLE's on the south, and a parcel of meadow of Christopher OSGOOD's on the north."

In 1636 (13 July) Philip FOWLER, with Thomas DUDLEY (Governor of MA.), and Robert LORD, all of Ipswich, witnessed the Will of Sarah DILLINGHAM; 1st, 12th mo., 1641/42 he witnessed a deed of Christopher OSGOOD's (his son-in-law); 24 Feb. 1650/51 the agreement between Thomas ROWELL of Salisbury , and Margary OSGOOD (his daughter), in a marriage contract; 26 July 1661, a deed of William WILD of Ipswich, to Robert ANDREWS of Topsfield.

In 1642 (29th, 1st mo.) he was on jury of Trials at Ipswich Court; and 29th, 7th mo., 1657, om Grand Jury.

In 1643 (15th, 2d mo.) he owed 18 pence to William NEVILL, as mentioned in his Will, it is to be paid to William Robinson.

In 1646 at a meeting of Freeman, he is chosen with William ADAMS, to judge of defaults; and the 27th Feb., 1648/49 Surveyor, also 27 Feb., 1654/55, 25 Feb., 1655/56, and 17 Feb., 1656/57; also Surveyor of fences from the common fence gate to Jeffery's neck, 7 April 1662.

In 1647 he was allowed by the town, 7 shillings 8 pence, for his work at the watch-house, to be paid by the consables; 6th, 12th mo., 1647/48, he with John WOODAM, to bulid the chimney at the watch house and do what clapboarding was needed, for which they were to have 3 Pounds-6-8, and to have half their pay, when they began it, and the rest, when they finished the work. They each received 1 Pound-13-4 on the 23d, 11th mo., 1647/48; it was voted 23 Dec., 1656, to build a wharf for the town's use, and as a surveyor, he was to see to it.

In 1648/49 (25th, 11th mo.) he gave in his testimony at Court, in regard to the land of Humphrey BROADSTREETE of Ipswich, and in his behalf.

In 1649/50 (22d,12th mo.) Henry SILSBYE had 4 acres at the west meadows by Goodman FOWLER's, granted him, if it be there to be had.

In 1650 (26th, 1st mo.) he "in regard of age, is freed fromordinary Trayning," which shows he was the sixty years of age.

In 1650 (19 April) in Will of Christopher OSGOOD of Ipswich, mentioned as "my father Phillip FOWLER, to be overseer," (his son-in-law, husband of his daughter Margaret).

In 1651 " Phillip FOWLER the elder, of Ipswich, did come before me, and in the presence of Joseph his sonne, & Martha his wife, & with thier full & free consent, did adopt as his sonne, Phillip, the sonne of sd. Joseph & Martha, to be as his sonne. Samuel SYMONDS."

In 1652 (7 May) the northeast boundary of the land of Solomon MARTIN of Andover, was upon his land, and in 1659 (1 June) Thomas Thomas BRIGDEN of Charlestown, Sells to John WOODDAM, house, barn, etc., in Ipswich, bounded on "south by Goodman FOWLER."

In 1656, the Selectmen of Ipswich wer to divide their town into classes of five, six and ten, and appoint a class-leader for the purpose of spinning. They were to assess each family a quarter, half or whole spinner, according to its other occupation. Each family which could furnish one spinner, should spin for thirty weeks in a year, three pounds of linen, cotton and woollen (monthly and so proportionably, for a half or quarter spinner, on fine of 12d a month, for each pound short. The commons were to be cleared for sheep. The seed of hemp and flax to be saved. Under this divison, the 13 March, Philip FOWLER was assessed for half a spinner 45 Pounds.

In 1658/59 (16 Feb.) "Voted by the Town, to choose a Committe, and give thier apprehnsions and reason (to the Selectmen), who have a right to Commonage, and who not, and what eles they conceive may conduce to the good of the Town, and when they are ready, the Selectmen to call the Twon together, to hear what they what they conceive. This Commmittee, Are as followeth viz:---Our two honored Magistrates, our teaching and ruling Elders, Mr. WADE, George Giddings, Philip FOWLER, Joseph MEDCALF, Thomas HART."

In 1658/59 (17 Feb.) Francis URSELLTON of Topsfield, sold his dwelling house there, to John GODFRY of Andover, Half of the price "in marchantable indian corne, at twoe shillings eight pence pr. bushell (to be delivered) at the now dwelling house of Phillip FOWLER, in Ipswich,' etc. Witness "the marke of Phillip FOWLER."

In 1658/59 (3 March) clothworker, he buys of Samuel YOUNGLOVE, and Margaret his wife, for 10 Pounds, land which he bought of George PALMER, "6 acres in comon field on north syde of the river," etc., bounding on land of said Philip on the southwest. On March, "atourney Phillip FOWLER," gave in an additional inventory of the estate of Humphery Gilbert, Amt. 53 Pounds-0-11.

In 1659 (30 August) Mary, his wife and the mother of his children, died.
He entered soon after into the following marriage contract:---

"Know all men by these presents, that I, Phillip FOWLER of Ipswich, in the county of Essex, clotherworker, for & in consideration of a contract of marriage with Mary NORTON, widow , doe grant unto her as followeth, viz: that if it plaese the Lord the marriage intended be compleated, and she the sayd Mary my intended wife do survive, I doe coventant & grant unto her, That she shall injoye all my house and lands, with the appurtenances & privilidges thereunto belonging, untill my sonn Phillip (provided I make him my heir), shall come of age, and when he comes of age, I do grant unto her, that she shall possess and enjoy the chamber over the hall, with the table forme & cabbin beds, as alsoe the garretts & halfe the orchyard, and halfe the grasse of the close, & my six acres of land upon the hill, and the inward cellar to owne proper use & behoofe, and alsoe liberty to make use of the lower roome for her necessary ocasions, with free liberty to make use of the well in the cellar to fetch watter, & all these to enjoye during the tyme of her naturall life, and then to return unto my children, or who of them, I shall dispose them unto, and further doe grant her liberty of barne roome to lay in her corne, and two load of hay, with roome in the cowe house for to sett two cowes, & grasse for to make two loads of hay a yeare, for the tyme of her life, as aforesayd. In wittness whereof, I have hereunto sett my hand & seale, the 27th of February 1659.

Signed, sealed and delivered, in the presence of us,

(with a marke & seale).

Phillip FOWLER acknowledged this wrighting, tobe his act & deed, before me. Daniell DENISON. February 27th; 1659."

In 1659/60 (27 February) Philip FOWLER married, second, Mary, the widow of George NORTON.

In 1660/61 (19 Feb.) the town granted Philip FOWLER five acres of marsh; and 10 Feb. 1661/62 land at the west meadow.

In 1660 (22 Nov.) the Court issued a writ againtst " Philip FOWLER, and Mary his wife, executrix to the estate of hir late Husband, George NORTON,. . . for 30 pounds, on complaint of Mr. William NORTON, aturney to Mr. Emanuel DOWNING." The case was continued 23 Nov. 1665, when a case was made by Phillip FOWLER, and Mary his wife, as plaintiff, against Roger PRESTON, defendant, in an action of debt of 8 Pounds, due for rent, and damages, according to attachment, dated 13th, 9th mo., 1665. The jury found for the plaintiff, 19 Pounds damages, and 24 s. 8d., cost 29th 9th mo., 1665. Robert LORD his atorney, acknowledged a judgment of 18s. 2d., due to Mr. William NORTON, 28th, 9th mo., 1665. It seem that 4 Aug., 1656, Lucie DOWNING of Salem, with consent of her husband Emanuell DOWNING, let and farmed, unto George NORTON, sometimeof Salem, carpenter, her fram called Groton, in Salem, near to Gov. ENDICOTT's for the term of ten years, from 1 March 1655/56, for 18 Pounds per annum. 14 March 1658/59, an agreement was made between George NORTON and Roger PRESTON, for the lease "of the farme the said NORTON now dwelleth on," he to enter 15 March 1659/60. Witness Joseph FOWLER.

In 1661 (19 Oct.) he with wife Mary, gave in testimony at Court, in regard to a defect in the highway.

In 1663 his residence was in High Street, on the south side, adjoining the house lots of John WOODAM and Philip CALL.

In 1663 (11 May) an agreement was made, by which Philip FOWLER, Senior, delivered to Philip BILL of "Jubaque," "two young heifers, with him to abide and contiune for the terme of seven years" etc. It appears that Philip BILL, "had gone out of this jurisdiction," and Philip FOWLER, Senior, entered a suit against him 8 Nov. 1668, in the case for security for a parcel of cattle, value 20 Pounds, and at the same time appoints his grandchild "Phillip FOWLER, to be his true and lawful atturney," when he signs "the marke P of Phillip FFOWLER" (and a greenseal), and acknowledged it, the same dated. Accordingly he 5 Nov. 1668, "Attached 3 cowes & 2 heiferes, & put into the hands James BILL, to be responsible, according to the tenour of the attachment, Pr. me Phillip FOWLER, Marshal deputy." The case was found for Philip FOWLER, senior, 24th, 9th mo., 1668.

In 1663/64 (4 Jan.) he was granted liberty to fell three whiteoaks; 18 Feb. 1666/67, "to fell for fenceing stuff for hismeadow;" and 27 Nov. 1668 to fell trees for fenceing.

In 1664/65 (14 Feb.) he owns single share four, on the "list of the inhabitants that have shares in Plum Island, Castle Neck and Hog Island."

In 1668 after having given trades to his children, and living to see them all settled in life, he selected from among his grandchildren to take care of him in his old age, Philip his namesake, as appears by the following deed of gift, the original of which is on file in the Clerk of Courts, Bk. 36: 18.
"This present writing wittnesseth, and I Philip FFOWLER of Ipswich, in the county of Essex, clothworker, for and in considderation of that Naturall effection I doe beare unto my Grandchild Phillip FFOWLER, as also in considderstion of his being with me, and doeing my busines for me, as formerly, I doe by these presents freely give and grant, and by these fully confirme, unto him the sayed Phillip, My Grandchild, all that my now dwelling house and lands I stand now possesst off, after my decease (exsepting what by agreement with my wife upon marriage, wch is put in writing and recorded), for him, the sayd Phillip, my Grandchild, Imediatly after after my decease. To have & to hould, and quietly and peaceably to enjoy, unto him & his heirs & assignes forever, all that my sayd houses and lands, with all and every, the apptenances & prevaledges, thereunto belonging, exsept as aforesayd, what is granted to my wife, dureing her naturall life, and after her dexease, the whole to be and remaine unto him the sayd Phillip, my Grandchild, his heires and assignes, for ever, provided still, that if by the providence of God, I shall be forct for nesasary subsitance to sell any pt. thereof, wch in such case I reserve liberty to doe, provided, if he the sayd Phillip, dye without isue, then to returne unto his Brother Joseph, & if Joseph dye without isue, then to be & remaine his brother John, provided alwayes, that if my Grandchild Phillip, leaves a wife behind him when he dye, then she shall enjoy it dureing her naturall life, & then to be & reture, as above exprest. In wittnes whereof, I the sayd Phillip FFOWLER, have sett to my hand and seale, dated the 23 of December, anno Dom. 1668.

Signed Sealed & dl in the presence of us,

RICHARD KIMBALL (the marke of).
ROBERT LORD (the marke of with a
green seal).

Acknowledge before me Apr. 29, 1670. Daniel DENISON.
Recorded May the 6th, 1670." Essex Deeds, Bk. 3: 152.

In 1669 (dec.) it was ordered, that none shall ride upon the foot causeway with horses, that lead through the streets towards the meeting house, upon the penalty of 12 pence for every time, and Philip FOWLER, desired to see to the performance of this order and take the forfeits, for which he shall have the one half to himself, and the other to the town.

In 1671, the following is found:---
"We whose names are under-witten, doe testtifle (that in ye case one thousand six hundred thirty & five), the building of a mill in Ipswich, (with all appertenances), was granted to Richard SALTONSTALL, and it was provided in the grant aforesayd, that the Towne of Ipswich, being duely served by the sayd Mill, shall imploy the same, by grinding their corne thereat. And as a preveledge annexed to the grant aforesd, It was ordered, that the sayd Richard, shall not be preiudiced, by the building of any other Mill within the bounds of Ipswich, And that if the ocasions of the Towne should require more mills (the sayd Richard being willing to serve the Towne as as aforesd), he shall have liberty in such case to undertake the same. All which is testified by

(and a marke)

Thomas BORMAN a very old man, being before us at Ipswich, declared upon his oath, that he judgeth the words (Thomas BORMAN) subscribed, among others, in the testimony above written, to be his hand; and futher upon his oath, he saith not, dated the last of ffebruary 1671.


Phillip FFOWLER, aged above 80 yeares, being before us at Ipswich, decared upon his oath, that the marke of Phillip FFOWLER, subscribed among others, in the testimony above written, is his marke,as also, that he above sayd testimony is the truth, the whole truth, & nothing but the truth, and further (upon his oath), he saith not, dated the last of February, 1671.


In 1672/73 (2 Jan.) he sells for 100 pounds, to "Roger DARBY, sope boyler," of sme town, his "dwelling house and ground about it with a house thereon, and orchyards, yards & gardens, in all containe two acres, be it more or less, with the comonage, and all and every, . . . which sayd house & land is scittuate & lyeing in Ipswich, aforesayd, on the same syde of the streete, comonly called Hill street, bounded or lyeing on the west syde of Thomas LOVELL's pasture land, and on the north syde of Sanuell GRAVES, his pasture, and on the east syde of John BROWNE's house lott, together with four acres of land, out of my lott at Muddy River, on the Northwest syde Richard SHATSWELL's pasture.

Subscribed, sealed & dl in the presents of us,

9and a seale).

Phillip FOWLER acknowledged the above written to be his act & deed and Mary FOWLER did surrender her right in the house and land herein conveyed, befor me, Feb. 14, 1676/77. Daniell DENSION." Recorded 14 Feb. 1676/77, Ipswich Series, Essex Deeds, Bk. 4: 74.

This was not his homestead. He usually made his mark, but if this deed is copied correctly by the recorder, it had his autograph signature.

The Court record states, that Philip FOWLER, senior, dyed 24 of June 1679" in Ipswich. During his long life, there is no record that we as descendants of Phillip FOWLER would regret to see.

He died intestate, and administration on what was left of his estate, he having previously disposed of most of his properrty among his children, was granted to his grandson Philip, 29 Sept. 1679.
The Inventory recorded, Ipswich Series, Essex Deeds, Bk. 4: 288.

"An Inventory of the estate of Phillip FOWLER, senr deceased, taken on the &th of July 1679, of weareing clothes of the sd Phillip,

Imp 4 ould coates and an old cloke 01-15-0
It a psell of old clothes 01-00-0
It some old stocking 2 caps & a pr of gaiters 00-05-0
It a paire of old gloves & an old hat 00-02-0
It two paire of drawers & two old shirts 00-15-0
2 caps & two bands, 3 old handcherdhered & 2 old
wastecoats 00-04-0


3-01-0 debts due to the estate 0-17-6


3-18-6 debts due from the estate 3-19-7 1/2
those things above mention prised by us, Simeon STACE, Nichols WALLIS.

Phillip FOWLER Aministrator dl this Inventory upon oath to be a ture Inventory of his estate to the best of his knowledge, & if more appears to add the same. In court held Ipswich, 30, (7), 1679. As attest Robert LORD, cler."

SOURCES: (1). Matthew Adams Stickney, The Fowler Family: A Genealogical Memoir, Ten Generations: 1590-1882, (Garnier & Company, Charleston, SC., 1883); (2). Clarence Almon Torrey, New England Marriages prior to 1700, (Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., Baltimore, 1985, Fifth printing, 1994).
Parents: Phillip FOWLER and Mrs. Phillip (FOWLER).
Spouse: Mary WINSLOW. Philip FOWLER and Mary WINSLOW were married in 1610 in Wiltshire, England. Children were: Margaret FOWLER, Mary FOWLER, Samuel FOWLER, Elizabeth/Hester FOWLER, Benjamin FOWLER, Joseph FOWLER, Phillip FOWLER, Thomas FOWLER.
Spouse: Mary MACHIAS. Philip FOWLER and Mary MACHIAS were married on 27 FEB 1659/60 in Ipswich, Essex County, Massachusetts.
Fowler, Philip (I5640)
3 Sir Richard FORESTER of Flanders, (1050 – ) was knighted after the battle of Hastings. He was sixteen years old in 1066 when he joined William the Conqueror, passing from Flanders to England after the decisive Battle of Hastings.

Sir Richard is popularly known as the son of BALDWIN V Count of Flanders, descended from the first Forester, Anarcher Great Forester, of Flanders, died A. D. 837.

However, histories of Baldwin V don’t show a child named Richard.  
Forester, Richard (I41008)
4 Benjamin GRAVES.
Born (about 1645)(on 3 MAR 1645) at Concord, Massachusetts; son of John GRAVES [F7236].
He married Mary HOAR [F3619] on 21 OCT 1668. (Concord Register, Book Y).
He was in the Colonial Wars as a member of Captain Thomas Wheeler's Company and fought against the Indians in July and August 1675. It is also noted that he was a soldier in King Philip’s War in Captain Wheeler’s Company and was in fights at Wicnaboag Pond and Brookfield, on 16 Aug. 1675. He served in Groton in Feb. 1675-1676, and his name appears again on the payroll 24 Aug. 1676.
He and his brother John Graves of Sudbury, MA, with others, purchased on 20 May 1681 from Christopher Hall "all the mines and minerals of one kind or another found or to be found or that may be found on his land in Groton, MA at a place called Cold Spring near William Longby's house, with liberty to dig, delve or use the land and to erect buildings etc." Benjamin Graves did not move to Groton but continued to live at Concord until after 1681, and all his children except the last one were born at Concord (according to Concord Register, Book 1).
Benjamin was apparently still living in Concord in 1684, since on a list of the second order of proprietors (1745) is included “David Comee, then living where Benjamin Graves lived in the year 1684.”
He moved to Saybrook, CT and lived at Pattaconke (northern part of Saybrook), where he bought land 25 Jan. 1703. He deeded half of his farm to his son Joseph on 18 March 1715, and certain lands to his son John of Killingworth, CT on 14 Sept. 1716.
The following records were found regarding Benjamin:
November 4, 1716, Benjamin Graves, yeoman, for love and good will to loving son John, now resident of Killingworth, amessuage or tenement at Pottaconk, with all the buildings, etc., bounded westerly by land of Joseph Graves, it being understood that Benjamin is to retain the life use of the same. (John sold the property in 1724.)
March 18, 1715, Benjamin Graves for love and affection to son Joseph deeded one-half the farm where I now dwell the westerly half (R-9).
Old Saybrook was divided into three parts. The northern part was called Pattaconke (also spelled Pataconke and Pattaquonck). "The committee for highway improvements were to lay out a good and sufficient highway to the 'Great River' at the northward side of ye land formerly owned by Benjamin Graves in Pattaconke", action taken at Saybrook, 5 Jan. 1724/5.
Old Saybrook is on the south shore of Connecticut, on Long Island Sound, at the mouth of the Connecticut River. Pattaconke was about 7 miles north of the mouth of the Connecticut River when a part of Saybrook. It is now the town of Chester, CT.
Killingworth is about 5 miles west of Chester, and was originally a part of Clinton, CT until 1836. Clinton is on the south shore of Connecticut about 5 miles south of Killingworth, CT. The land in this area is hilly and rolling, with forests. The births of all the children except John were recorded in Concord Register, Book 1.
He died (before 23 MAR 1724)(18 MAR 1715) in Concord, Massachusetts.
[F3619]. Mary HOAR.
Born about 1648, daughter of John HOAR [F7238] and Alice LYLE [F7239]. She married 21 OCT 1668 Benjamin GRAVES [F3618]. She died 5 JUN 1697 in Massachusetts.
CHILDREN of Benjamin GRAVES [F3618] and Mary HOAR [F3619]:
1. Mary GRAVES. Born on 18 Jan. 1669/70 at Concord, Massachusetts. She married Benjamin Rice on 1 April 1691. She died on 22 Oct. 1736.
2. Elizabeth (or Mehitable) GRAVES. Born on 25 April 1671 at Concord, Massachusetts. She married Joseph Beebe on 26 DEC 1706. She died on 4 April 1730.
3. [F1809]. Ruth GRAVES. Born 25 NOV 1674 at Concord, Massachusetts. She married (1) John Webb on 25 (or 15) JAN 1699/1700. She married (2) William Merriam on 7 NOV 1711. She died on 12 NOV 1755.
4. Benjamin GRAVES. Born on 2 March 1676/7 at Concord, Massachusetts. He married (1) Ruth Stirling (or Mary Sterling). He married (2) Mary Haynes. He died 30 DEC 1752.
5. Joseph GRAVES. Born on 1 Sept. 1679 at Concord, Massachusetts. He married Sarah. He died after 2 April 1756.
6. Joanna GRAVES. Born on 2 FEB 1681 at Concord, Massachusetts.
7. John GRAVES. Born in 1683 at Concord, Massachusetts. He married (1) Hannah Farnum on 30 May 1710. He married (2) Sarah Chapman on 18 June 1754. He died on 29 Dec. 1766.
8. Rebecca GRAVES. Born about 1685. She married Jonathan Daniels on 12 Dec. 1706 (New London, CT VR). 
Graves, Benjamin Sr. (I2131)
5 He received an early liberal education. At the age of 25, was elected a member of the legislature, and continued constantly a member of one or the other branches of that body for forty-eight years, except while a member of the Congress of the United States. He was one of the patriots of ’76, and the only surviving member of Congress from this state, who signed the Declaration of Independence.  Williams, Colonel William (I42617)
6 JOHN 1 WAGGENER was born Abt. 1643 in England, and died 1716 in Essex Co., Virginia. He married RACHEL WARD Bef. 1669. She was born Abt. 1653, and died 1718 in Essex Co., Virginia.

John Waggener came to Virginia from England, probably around 1660-1665. He apparently was about 17 years old in 1660. He apparently came to Virginia with the assistance of Thomas Gouldman. It seems very likely that John came as an indentured servant, since this was the manner in which the majority of new immigrants came at this time. Since he is listed on deeds from 1668, and 1670 as a tailor, it is possible that he was some kind of apprentice. He apparently met Rachel Ward in Virginia and married her there by 1669. This was apparently after he finished his servitude or apprenticeship. Rachel was apparently about 16 years old in 1669. At this point I have no information on the origins of Rachel or John. John bought land as early as 1668 and apparently was selling some the next year. In the 1668 and 1670 deeds, he made payments of 5,500 lbs. and 2,600 lbs. of tobacco as payment for the deeds. This would lead one to believe he was pretty much involved in agriculture at that point also. In the 1708 deposition he describes himself as a planter, and most of the other records seem to support that he spent the rest of his life in this occupation. Throughout this time period, tobacco was the primary crop grown in this area of Virginia.

There are quite a few public records which concern or mention John, and which would seem to indicate that he was fairly prominent. I have tried to describe or transcribe the ones I have found, below. Almost all of the records describe him and Rachel as living in South Farnham Parish in Essex County. This parish basically consisted of the southern half of what became Essex County. From a 1705 deed describing an adjacent piece of property, their plantation was apparently near the north side of Hoskins Creek, which flows almost due east into the Rappahannock River, near the town of Tappahannock. This definitely would have been within South Farnham Parish. The Thomas Gouldman who was involved in John's transportation to Virgina, became a prominent citizen of Essex County, and was named one of the first Trustees of the newly formed town of Tappahannock in 1682. This would seem to indicate that if John was an indentured servant or apprentice, it was likely in the Essex County area, where he eventually obtained land, and where he and Rachel spent the rest of their lives. Old Rappahannock County, was split in 1692 into Essex County on the south of the Rappahannock River, and Richmond County on the north side.

In the depositions from 1708, John gives his age as 65 years old, and his wife Rachel gives her age as about 55 years old. This is the source of their dates of birth. It would seem that they had a fair sized plantation. In the Quit Rent list from 1704, John paid taxes on 400 acres of property. In 1715, he paid taxes on 100 acres, which it is presumed means he was already distributing his estate to his heirs. He was deceased the next year. The list of the property that was distributed in his will, as well as in the will of Rachel two years later, would seem to indicate that they were fairly well off.

Most of the children of John and Rachel also seemed to have also lived their lives in Essex County, but many of the grandchildren moved on. The plantation of John and Rachel itself, seems to have passed to their son Benjamin, and then to his son Benjamin Jr., who apparently sold it around 1770.

Previous researchers have given dates for all the children of John and Rachel. I had been using these dates, under the assumption that there were records to support them, but I have been unable to locate any such records. We know of the names of eight children, from John's will in 1715, Rachel's will in 1717 and the will of John Jr. in 1696. I have abandoned the previous used dates, and from the various records, made my own estimated dates of the births of the children:

John Jr., Andrew, and James clearly seem to be the oldest three children. I would guess that John Jr. was probably the oldest. These three all must have been born in the early to mid-1670's. Samuel and Margaret seem to be the next oldest children. They probably were born in the late 1670's. Herbert and Dinah seem to have been born a little later that Samuel and Margaret. I would guess that they were probably born in the early 1680's. Benjamin is identified as the youngest child in several records. It appears that he was viewed as "the baby" of the family, which probably means there were several years between him and Margaret or Herbert. I would guess that he was born in the early 1690's.


****** From Tyler's Quarterly Virginia Families, Vol. 2: In Old Rappahannock Rec. 1663-68, p. 34, John Waggener witnessed a deed from Thomas Goodrich, dated July 7, 1666, and on January 20, 1668/69 (Old Rappahannock Rec. 1668-72, p. 73) he purchased land.

****** From COURT RECORDS, DEED ABSTRACTS of OLD RAPPAHANNOCK, VIRGINIA (1668-1670), Part I of Deed Book No. 4 (1668-1672) , Transcribed by Ruth and Sam Sparacio, THE ANTIENT PRESS, dated January 22, 1668:
"BEE IT KNOWNE unto all men by these pntes that wee ANDREW HERBERT and ANNE my Wife of the County of Rappa. in Virginia for & in consid of the some of Five hundred and five hundred pounds of good Tobacco & Caske by us in hand reced of JOHN WAGENER of Rappa. Taylor Have & Doe assigne transferre & make over all our Tytle & Interest of the wthin specified Conveyance unto the sd JOHN WAGENER To Have & To Hold the premises thereof from us the sd ANDREW HERBERT & ANN his Wife our heirs to him the sd JOHN WAGENER his heirs for Ever. In Witness whereof wee have heeerunto sett our hands & seals this two & twentieth day of Janry 1668
JOHN (mark) MAGGOWNE signum
signum ANN (mark) HERBERT
Recognitr. 3d Febr. 1668 in Cur Com Rappa

****** From COURT RECORDS, DEED ABSTRACTS of OLD RAPPAHANNOCK, VIRGINIA (1668-1670), Part I of Deed Book No. 4 (1668-1672) , Transcribed by Ruth and Sam Sparacio, THE ANTIENT PRESS, dated January 22, 1668:
"BEE IT KNOWNE UNTO ALL MEN by these prsents that I ANDREW HERBERT & ANN HERBERT my Wife of the County of Rappa. in Virginia for and in consideration of the sume of five thousand five hundred pounds of Tob: and Caske by me in hand Reced of JOHN WAGGENER Carpenter of the sd County have & doe assigne transferr & make over all my right title & interest of the within specified conveyance unto the sd JOHN WAGGENER Tailer To Have & To Hold the premises & every parte & parcell thereof from me the said ANDREW HERBERT my heires & ANN my Wife or: heires to him the sd JNO. WAGGENER his heires & assignes for Ever. In Witness whereof we have hereunto sett or: hands & seales this 22d Janry 1668 in the prsents of us
JOHN WAGGONE [signed with a mark that looks like an "R"] ANDREW HERBERT
signum signum Ann Herbert [who signed with a mark]
Recognitr. in Cur Rappa. 3d die Febry 1668"

****** From COURT RECORDS, DEED ABSTRACTS of OLD RAPPAHANNOCK, VIRGINIA (1668-1670), Part I of Deed Book No. 4 (1668-1672) , Transcribed by Ruth and Sam Sparacio, THE ANTIENT PRESS, dated January 3, 1669:
3 Jan 1669 "BEE IT KNOWNE UNTO ALL MEN by these prsents that I JOHN WAGGENER & RACHELL my Wife of the County of Rappa. in Virginia for & in consideration of the sume of Five thousand pounds of good Tobo: & Caske by me in hand Recd of HENRY LUCAS Carpenter of the said County Have and Doe assigne & make over all my right title & Interest of the within specified conveyance unto the said HENRY LUCAS To Have & to Hold the premises & every parte & parcell thereof from me the sd JOHN WAGENER & RACHELL his Wife or: heires to him the sd HENRY LUCAS his heirs & assignes for Ever. In Witness whereof wee have hereunto sett or: hands & seales this third day of January 1669
in the prsents of us HUGH EGELSTON JOHN WAGGENER
Robt Everest (mark) RACHELL WAGGENER Recognitr in Cur Rappa xth Die Febry 1669"
(This seems to be the first document mentioning Rachel, verifying that they were married by this date.)

****** From "Cavaliers and Pioneers, Abstracts of Virginia Patents and Grants," Nugent Vol. 2, 1666-1695, pub. Virginia State Library, Richmond, VA 1977, p. 116: " Col. Tho. Gutteridge, 4626 acs., Rappa. Co., on S. side sd. River; 4 Oct. 1672, p. 424. 2876 acs. granted him 24 Oct. 1669; 1200 acs. granted Thomas Goldman, 4 April. 1667, & sould to sd. Gutteridge; 550 acres., adj. this & land of Graves; & Mr. Beverley; by Rappa. Indian Path neer the Pocoson; &c; due for trans. of 93 pers: Rchd. Hall, Robt. Rite, Geo. Flint, Elizabeth Baker, Jno. Wagoner, ___ Morgan & his wife, Robt. Shereman, Wm. Peeters, ____ Marsy, Jno. Collins." (the others were not named)

****** In 1670, as John Waggener "tailor" he leased from Richard White and Audrey his wife for 99 years 130 acres, the consideration being 2,600 lbs. Tob. and "one valuable pair of gloves to her the said Aubrey in hand paid". with a yearly rent of one capon.

******* From Essex County Clerk of Court Files, Deed Book #1, p. 175: Dated October 10, 1677; John Waggener is fined for failing to appear for Jury of Inquest.

******* Rappahannock Order Book 1, Juries and Jurors, August 6, 1684, page 45; Edward Keeling, foreman, Andrew Dulling, John Billington, Christopher Chant, Wm. Bendry, Francis Browne, John Waggoner, Arthur Hodges, John Webbe, John Smythe, Wm. Leake, Robert Halsey.

****** Rappahannock Order Book 2, A Land Jury, page 212, April 3, 1690; John Dangerfield, Rob. Brooks, Rob. Plea, Thos. Monday, Jno. Wells, Anthony North, Jno. Waginer, Jno. Evans, Wm. Bendree, Ed. Pagett, Jno. Waters, Richard Stoakes, Thos. Barker, Robt. Mills, orn twelve of them.

****** Rappahonnock Records, Land Jury, Deed Book 8, page 210, April 9, 1690, Thos. Parker, John Dangerfield, Robert Brooks, Richard Stoakes, Thos. Monday, Wm. Bendry, Arthur North, John Wells, John Hines, John Baughan, John Waginer, Robert Mills.

****** From Essex County Clerk of Court Files, Deed Book #8, pgs. 233-234:
Dated September 11, 1690; "Anthony North of Rappa leases to John Wagoner a certain tract of land in Southfarnham as described for 99 years, payment due yearly on the day of the "feast of St. Michael the Arch Angell and year of Judiah borne if demanded."

****** On the Virginia Quit Rent Rolls for Essex County, dated 1704, "John Wagener" is listed as having paid rent (taxes) on 400 acres.

****** From Essex County Records, Deed Book #12, pg. 88: A deed dated May 10, 1705 records, the sale of 100 acres of land "adjacent to land formerly owned by Anthon. North, land of John Waggener," being sold to Joseph Humphrey by Richard and Ann Meadors "of Farnham." (North is noted in the 1690 deed above). The sold parcel is described as "100 acres, a neck of land on N side of Hoskins Poroson called second Neck."

****** From Essex County, Virginia, Deeds and Will Book #12, 1704-1707, pages 365-366: Joseph Humphrys, Inventory. 4 March 1706/7. Made in obedience to order of 10 February 1706/7. Total valuation L31.18.4. Appraisers sworn before Capt. Wm. Tomlin.
William (X) Grinnall
Geor. Ward
John Waggoner

****** From Essex County Records, Deed Book #12, pgs. 437-439: Another deed dated May 10, 1707, describes a parcel of land being sold which is also adjacent to the land of John Waggener. The parcel is being sold by Edward and Anne Eastham of St. Stephens Parish, King and Queen Co., to William Croudus and Robert Moody, and is described as "225 acres woodland ground, South Farnham Parish, in Essex Co." The parcel was further described as being part of 740 acres of land left to Anne Taylor by her deceased father James Taylor, and the current wife of Edward Eastham. Besides bordering on the property of John Waggener, the parcel also bordered on the properties of Henry Pendleton and John Burnett.

****** From Essex County Records, Deeds and Wills Book #13, 1707-1711, pgs. 33-35: James Reeves. Inventory. 19 Oct 1707. Made in obedience to order of 11 Aug 1707. Total valuation L 112.14.11. Robert Mills, William Grinall, John Waggener Division. 6 Oct 1707. Made in obedience to order of 11 Sept 1707. Valuation L 11.3.2. Appraisers sworn before Robert Coleman 18 Oct 1707. John Waggoner Robert Mills William Grinall 10 Oct 1707. Presented by Henry Reeves, Joseph Reeves and Thomas Munday and Mary his wife late Mary Reeves, administrators of James Reeves.

****** From Essex County Clerk of Court Files, Deeds and Wills Book #14, Pg 39:
There is an record of an indenture that had recently been purchased by John Waggener from a merchant named David Loitch, and concerns the services of a man named Charles McCai. The original record of this indenture is listed on the same page, and was dated November 21, 1711. It was originally made in Glasgow, and involved paying McCai's passage, as well as room and board.

****** From Virginia Colonial Abstracts, Vol VII pg 16 abstracted by Beverly Fleet:
"At a court held for Essex County the 10th day of April 1712. David Leitch appeared and showed that the Servant boy ment (sic?) and intended to be bound by those Indentures and by him sold to John Waggoner is named Charles McCai and that his being writ John McCai in this Indenture was by mistake of the person drawing the same, and moved that this Indenture be Recorded with this Endorsement to show the mistake aforsed, to which the said Waggoner appearing Corrected, wherefore this Indenture is Recorded. Test Richard Buckner Cl Cur"

(This servant boy "Charles McCai" is probably the same "Charles Macey" listed in the will of Rachel (Ward) Waggener, and whom she passes on to her youngest son Benjamin.)

****** From the Virginia Tax Records, Essex County:
John Waggener is listed as paying taxes on 100 acres in 1715.

****** From Essex County, Virginia, Deeds and Will Book #15, 1716-1718 pages 72-75: A deed dated July 15-16 1717, Robert Moody of Southfarnham Parish leases to William Johnson of the same, 112 acres described as "by William Bradshaw's plantation... John Waggoner's land... Henry Pendleton's land... part of 225 acres purchased of Edward Eastam junr. and Ann his wife..."
(This property apparently part of the property from the deed above dated May 10, 1707. John was apparently deceased by the time of this record.)


****** The following 'Deposition For a Family in Virginia' was found in an unindexed volume of the William and Mary Quarterly, in Essex County, Virginia, by a descendant of the Pendleton Family.
(This is also mentioned in Tyler's Quarterly Virginia Families, Vol. 2, and seems to be the source of the D.O.B.'s of John and Rachel. It was apparently taken from John and Rachel Waggener on August 10, 1708 at the request of a Philip Pendleton. It seems to be in reference to Philip's brother Nathaniel Pendleton, who came to Virginia with his brother Philip in about 1674 and died shortly after arriving. John and Rachel apparently witnessed the funeral of Nathaniel and are reporting that there was no mention at the funeral of Nathaniel having a wife or children.):

Virginia, Sct.
John Waggener aged sixty five years of thereabouts of South Farnham Parish in the County of Essex in Virginia planter, being examined and sworn at the request of Philip Pendleton Deposeth and saith:
That on or about the year of our Lord One Thousand Six Hundred and seventy foure Came Consigned to Capt Edmund Crask then living in said Parish two reputed Brothers called and known by the name of Nathaniell and Philip Pendleton, and this Depont further saith that the said Nathaniell was a reputed Minister, and soon after his arrival Sickened & Dyed and also that this Depont was with his wife and Several other Neighbors at ye Funeral of the Said Nathaniel Pendleton and did hear a Sermon preached at his Funeral, and this Depont further saith that he never heard that the said Nathaniel Pendleton had either wife or Child, and also that the said Philip Pendelton when he had served out his time went for England, & returned again, and is since married & has Several Children all resident in King & Queen County in Virginia aforesd And further this Depont Saith not.
John Waggoner

I Richard Buckner Clerk of Essex County Court do hereby Certifie that John Waggoner made oath to the above Deposition in Essex County Court ye 10th day of August 1708 And on the Motion of Philip Pendleton was ordered to be Recorded and is Recorded.
Test Richard Buckner, C. Cur.

Rachell Waggoner the now lawful wife of the above named John Waggoner, aged fifty five years or thereabouts being examined and Sworn at the request of Philip Pendleton Deposeth & Saith: The very same word for word with her Said husband in relation to the Death of the above named Nathaniell Pendleton and to the other matters above mentioned and further saith not.
Rachell Waggoner

I Richard Buckner clerk of Essex county court do hereby Certifie that Rachell Waggoner made oath to the above Deposition in Essex county Court ye 10th day of August 1708 and on the motion of Philip Pendleton was ordered recorded, and is Recorded.
Test Richard Buckner Cl Cur.

(There is a third deposition on this same matter, given by a George Ward, who describes himself as 57 years old. It seems quite likely that this is a brother of Rachel Ward Waggener. George also left property in his will to Benjamin, who has been described as the youngest son of John and Rachel.)


Essex County Virginia Wills and Deeds #14, 1711-1716, pgs. 533-534
Dated February 12, 1715/16; Probated. May 15, 1716
(I added spaces that were not in the original text, to make it easier to read.)

In the name of God amen, I John Waggener of Essex County being sick and weak in body but in perfect sense & memory thanks & praise be given to almighty God for it do bestow these outward blessings which it hath pleased ye allmighty to bless me with in manner following first I bequeath my sole to allmighty God yet give it hoping through the merits of my blessed Savior Jesus Christ to have foregiveness of my sins and to receive a joyful resurrection at ye Last day and my body to be decently buried at ye discretion of my executors hereafter mentioned (viz)

Item I give and bequeath to my beloved wife Rachell Waggener the plantation I now live on & after her death to goe to my son Benjamine-- Waggener & his heirs forever I give to wife three negroes Doll Martin and Jugg during her natural Life & after her death I give negro Doll to my daughter Margarit Allen wife of William Allen for her & her heirs forever. I give ye negro boy martin to my son Benjamin & his heirs forever, I give to my son Saml. Wagoner the negro girl Jugg to him and his heirs forever,

Item I give to my son Herbert Waggener one cow being in full of his portion,

Item I give to my son Saml. Waggener one bedde & one cow being his full portion,

Item I give to my son Benjamine Waggener one bed and bolster Rugg and blanket on cow a pott & pan

Item I give to my daughter Dinah Allen wife of Erasmus Allen one cow

Item I give to my daughter Margarit Allen wife of Wm Allen one cow

Item it will that if my Negro woman Doll sould ever have any more children than what I have already given that the next child she has shall go to Dinah Allen wife of Erasmus Allen & his herirs and ye next negro child to go to Herbert Waggener & his heirs--

Item I give all ye remaining part of my estate be it of whatsoever nature or kind soever reall or personall I give to my beloved wife Rachell Waggener and to her disposall & I do make ordain my beloved wife Rachell Waggener whole and sole Executex of this my last will & testament utterly revoking & denying all other wills heretofore made by me In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand & seal this 12th day of July seventeen hundred and fifteen.

John Waggener (Seal)

Wm Daingerfield
Peter Byrom

The last will Testament of John Waggener dec'd was presented and proved by Rahcel Waggener Ex. therein named and was also further proved by ye oaths of Wm Daingerfield Gent. & Peter Byrom Ye Evidenses therto & is recorded

Test Tho. Henman Cl court

At the time this will was recorded, May 15, 1716, Rachel Waggener, Wm Winston & Erasmus Allen gave bond in amount of one-hundred and fifty pounds sterling as surety for Rachel Waggener performing the conditions of the will. Rachel Waggener submitted a long inventory on June 20, 1716

Ex. 9, Page 620, "A true and perfect Inventory of remaining part of the Estate of John Waggoner which being before for got" 6 items not appraised, presented by Rachel Waggoner.
Rec. 17 July 1716

(See Rachel's notes for her will 2 years later, which distributes many of the personal and household items of the estate.)


Lawrence "Bud" Waggener Jr., who in 1985 published the book, "The Waggener Trace," reported that members of the Waggener family are known to have resided in a town called Wageningen in the Province of Gelderland, Netherlands, by the Rhine River in the 16th Century. He cited a Garret Garetson and his wife Anna Hermanse, who immigrated from Wageningen to Colchester, England in the 17th century. He further said that it was the custom for families in Netherlands to take their last name from the town where they came. Thus the name Van Wageningen became Van Waggener, and ultimately Waggener. I have since learned that this Garetson and his wife actually immigrated to the Dutch colony in New York. I found some Waggeners and Van Waggeners in the New York area, but it seems very unlikely that these people are related to John. I think it remains possible the family name originated from this town in the Netherlands, but until further evidence comes to light, I consider the origin of the Waggener name to most likely be from England.

Notes for RACHEL WARD:
Rachel is listed as being born in about 1653. This came from the deposition taken in 1708, when Rachel describes herself as fifty-five years old or thereabouts. Although Rachel's surname is listed as Ward, this is not known for sure. There are two records regarding George Ward, which seem to indicate he was very close to Rachel and John, and it seems logical to presume that he was Rachel's brother. On the first record, George Ward joined Rachel and John Waggener on the disposition in 1708, in regards to the death of Nathaniel Pendleton in about 1674. George must have been close to John and Rachel from 1674 to 1708. Also George describes his age as 57 and Rachel describes hers as 50, which is obviously close enough for them to be siblings. The second record was George's will in 1721. In this, George describes John and Rachel's son Benjamin Waggener, as his "godson," and he seems to leave the bulk of his estate to him. It just seems that George must be Rachel's brother and therefore her maiden name would have been Ward.

At this point, we don't know anything about the origins of Rachel (Ward) Waggener. There is a patent from 1669, in which Thomas Goldman obtained a grant of land for the transportation of 69 persons to the colony, and John Waggener is listed among them. Although it does not list all the people transported, it would seem that if John and Rachel were married and traveling together, she would have been listed with him. This would seem to indicate that John came to America by himself, and that he met and married Rachel in Virginia. In the disposition from 1708, George Ward notes that he was a servant in the house of Nathaniel Pendleton at the time of his death in 1674. If he was an indentured servant, this might be how he came to Virginia and might indicate that he also immigrated in the 1660's. This however, does not give a clue about Rachel, since in 1674, she was already married to John Waggener, and not indentured herself. Perhaps she came to Virginia before her apparently older brother George. There is a deed from Old Rappahannock County dated January 3, 1669/ 70, which Rachel is mentioned with her husband John Waggener, showing that they were married by then. Considering that Rachel apparently was 16-17 years old at the time, it seems likely that they had not been married too much before this.

The following will of Rachel Waggener, particularly in conjunction with the will of her husband John from 2 years earlier, gives a remarkable picture of the diverse and personal items that comprised their estate. (See the notes of John Waggener and George Ward, for further information.)


Essex County Virginia Records- 1717
Tappahnannock, Virginia

Pages 39-41, Will of Rachell Waggener of Southfarnham Parish in Essex County, dated 6 April 1717.

To my son Benja. Waggner my horse, bridle and sadle and ten head of catle and to have his choyce of all my stock except one stear.

Son Benja. all of stock of hoggs and my great iron pot and pot hooks, a copper stew ketle and a small iron ketle with copper ledd, a small frying pan, a grid iron, a iron spitt, a corse meal sifter and a searcle, a pewter flagon and my earthen muggs, two new pewter dishes and four of my pewter basons, four pewter plates, a pair of fire tongues, an iron chain that hangs the pots on, all my fine kersey, buttins, mohair and everthing fit to make up the kersey with, my servant boy Charles Macey (Macai?), my great chest of all and the chest that is called my chest and all my syder caske, pailes, piggings, powder tubbs, barrells, all my iron wair of all sorts, a new stock lock, three sheets and to have his choice of all my sheets, the largest lining table cloath, three new nappkins and three old ones, two pair of pillow beers, twenty yards of fine Irish lining, a pewter changer pott, all my iron wair of all sorts whatsoever except what shall hereafter mention.

To my daughter Dinah Allen my gold ring, a damash gound and pettecoat and rideing found, a large bason, a large pewter dish, two pewter plates, a large tinn pan.

All my wairing lining be equeally divided between my daughter Dinah and Margaret Allen.

To my Dinah Allen a pair of gloves, a brass sauspan.

All my muslin, silke, laces, fine thredd and all my holdswair be equeally divided between my two daughters Dinah and Margaret Allen.

To my daughter Margaret Allen all my wairing cloathes not before given, a flock of bed bolster, two blankits, a rugg and one pillow, one large pewterbason, a large peweter dish, two plates, a brase pestle and morter, a small iron pott, a large tinn sauspan, a pair of new parragon boddis, all my shoes, a pair worsted stockings, a new iron candlestick, seven yards Juroys, a pair of gloves, three new napkins and three old ones and a table cloath, for yards of blew cottn.

All the rest of my blew cotton to my son benja. Waggner.

To my aforesaid daughter Margaret Allen a pewter chamber pott, my least box and fan, biggest box to my daughter Dinah Allen.

To my son Harbert Waggner a flock bed and bolster, a rugg and two blankits, one pillow, his father's chest, a three gall. iron pott, a pewter bason, a large deep dish, two paltes, a pewter qt. pott, an ivory half knife, four and half yards of grey Kersey, buttons for it.

To my son Samll. Waggner a five gall. iron pott, a white chest, a pewter bason, a small deep dish, two pewter plates, a chamber pott, four and a half yards of grey kersey, and buttons to make it up. Remainder of the grey kersey to my son in law Wm. Allen.

To my granddaughter Rachel Cheany my silver bodkin, a black silk whoad, a pair of thredd gloves and boddiss I waire every day.

To my granddaughter Rachel Waggner a silver spoon.

All my thread and new linin not before given be equeally divided between my five grandchildren.

All the remaining part of my estate to my son Benja. Waggner.

My aforesaid son Benja. Waggner executor.
Rachel R Waggner

Wit: W. Daingerfield, Mary (M) Byron, Peter Byron.
16 Sept 1718 Proved by Benjamin Waggner executor, and Wm. Dangerfield and Peter Byron.

[From "The Waggoner Family 1670-1970" by Earl Wagner, 1970; and "The Kay-Pendleton-Neel families" by George and Margaret Rose, 1969]

Children of JOHN WAGGENER and RACHEL WARD are:
i. HERBERT2 WAGGENER, b. Bet. 1680 - 1685, Essex Co., Virginia; d. Abt. August 1743, Essex Co., Virginia. ii. JOHN WAGGENER, JR., b. Bet. 1670 - 1675, Virginia; d. 1697, Essex Co., Virginia.

It appears that John was probably the oldest child born to his parents John and Rachel Waggener. Certainly if he wasn't the oldest, he was one of the oldest children. There are a couple of records in Essex County involving him. The first from 1690, records him acquiring a piece of property from and apparent neighbor of his parents, James Taylor. It has been speculated that he married Sarah the daughter of James Taylor. She is not listed in the only other record we have for John, namely his will in 1696. He does not mention any wife in that will. Since the will was probated the next year, it seems apparent the John died fairly young, probably in his mid-20's.


From VIRGINIA COUNTY COURT RECORDS, DEED & WILL ABSTRACTS of ESSEX COUNTY, VIRGINIA (1695-1697), Part I of Deed & Will Book 1695-1699) 10 February 1695 - 22 November 1697, Edited & Published by Ruth and Sam Sparacio, THE ANTIENT PRESS, Copyright 1991, pp 64, 65, located by Walter S. Waggoner:

IN THE NAME OF GOD, Amen,the 21st day of Febry; in the year of our Lord God 1696/7, I JOHN WAGGANER being sick and weake of body but of perfect mind and Memory thanks be to God therefore calling to mind the mortality of my body and knowing that it is appointed for all men once to dye do make and ordain this my last Will and Testamt. in manner and forme following:

First, and principally, I give my Soul into the hands of God who gve it me and for my body I commend to the Earth to be buried in Christian and Decent manner nothing doubting but att the generall Resurrection I shall recover the same againe by the mighty power of God, and touching the worldly Estate wherewith it hath pleased God to bless me with, I give devise and depose the same in manner and forme following:

First I give and bequeath all my Tract of Land unto my brother, SAMLL. WAGGANER, and to the heires of his Body lawfully begoten but in case itt shall please God that the said SAMLL. do dye without such heires, then I give and bequeath the said land to my youngest Brother, BENJAMIN WAGGANER, and his heires

Item, I give unto my Brother, ANDREW WAGGANER my Gunne

Item, I give unto my loveing Father my Coopers tooles, a Saddle and two Bridles, if my Brother, JAMES WAGGANER, doe not returne the horse which he left me

Item, I give my Loveing Mother my peice of Plate and my Chest

And of this my last Will and Testament, I make and ordaine my loveing Father, JOHN WAGGANNER, full and whole Exer. and I do hereby utterly disallow revoke and annull all and singular other former Testaments Wils Legacies bequeaths and Executors by me in any wise before this time named Willed and Bequeathed, ratifieing & confirming this and none other to be my last Will and Testament; In Wittness whereof I have hereunto sett my hand and seale the day and year above written
Signed sealed published pronounced and
Declared by the said JOHN WAGGANER as his JOHN WAGGANER
last Will and Testament in presence of

May the 10th: 1697. THO: HUCKLESCOTT aged Thirty seven yeares of thereabouts deposeth that he did sww the within Testator Sign seal and publish the within menconed Will as his last Will and Testament and further sayeth not
Sworne to in Essex County Court the
10th day of May 1697 THO: HUCKLESCOTT

MARY HUCKLESCOTT aged Thirty yeares or thereabouts deposeth that she did see the within Testator signe seale and publish the within menconed Will as his last Will and Testamt. and further sayeth not
Sworne to in Essex County Court the MARY X HUCKLESCOTT
10th day of May 1697
Prov'd bt the oathes of ye witnesses hereto in Essex County Courtye 10th day of May 1697 Test FRANCIS MERIWETHER, Cl Cur

(From some other records, Thomas and Mary Hucklescott were apparently neighbors of John and his parents.)

1697 May 10 VA, Essex Co. Order Bk Feb 1695 to June 1699, pg. 48: John Waggoner's will was proven by the oath of Thomas Wood and Henry Freeman. It was recorded upon the motion of Danll. Whitehoren, one of the executors. (Ord 1695, pg. 35)


Found by Crystal Dingler:

There is a deed in the Essex County Deed Book #8 Pgs. 181-183, dated June 4, 1690, in which a "James Taylor of the Parish of St. Stevens in the County of New Kent," grants to John Waggener Junior 100 acres of land "in the County of Rappahannock and Parish of Farnham." The land is apparently given for a combination of services performed by John Waggener and a "Bay Gelding." The services apparently included John clearing and planting a larger and adjacent piece of land belonging to Mr. Taylor, and apparently building some kind of a house for him. (From the notes of John's father John Sr., a record from 1707 describes Taylor's property as being adjacent to John Sr.'s property, meaning that this land was close to the land of his father's) This must have been some, if not all of the land mentioned in John's will.

The deed seems to plot out the piece of land quite specifically; mentioning a small marked Red Oak, a dead Hickory, and several pines and poles. It also lists neighbors as being James Taylor, John Evans/ Evins, Richard Hales, Edward Thacker, and John Meadors/ Meader (possibly the father of Rachel Meadors, who married John Waggener, son of this John's brother Herbert). Witnesses were Thomas Wheeler and Thomas Pettis.

iii. ANDREW WAGGENER, b. Bet. 1670 - 1675, Virginia; d. Bef. 1716. Notes for ANDREW WAGGENER:
Andrew must have been one of the oldest children born to his parents John and Rachel Ward. Since he is apparently buying property in the record below in 1690, I believe he must have been born in the early 1670's. Andrew is listed in the 1696 will of his brother John Jr., but he is not mentioned in the wills of either of his parents in 1716 and 1717. I believe that this probably means he was deceased by this time, although I do not know this for sure.


From Essex County Clerk of Court Files, Deed Book #8, pgs. 239-240:

Dated September 1, 1690; "Edwin Thacker sells to Andrew Wagoner and John Wagoner 200 acres on the south side of the Rapphannock River for 4420 pounds of good sweet tobacco, being Part of Fifteen Hundred Thirty Three acres granted unto the said Edwin Thacker by Patent dates the 20th day of April 1687."

(It is not clear if the John Waggener mentioned is Andrew's father or brother. It would seem that this is a bit away from his father's land.)

iv. JAMES WAGGENER, b. Bet. 1670 - 1675, Virginia; d. Unknown. Notes for JAMES WAGGENER:
James was apparently one of the older children of his parents John and Rachel Waggener. He appears to have been born between 1670 and 1675. He reportedly left Virginia in 1696 and moved to Pennsylvania. There are no other known records of him in Virginia and I have yet to locate any records of him in Pennsylvania.


From Tyler's Quarterly Genealogies of Virginia Families, Vol. 2:

It is recorded that James, when under 15, had been given a cow in 1680, by a John Wells. The reference says that no relationship between James and John is noted. (Old Rappahannock 1677-82, p. 277)


The following is all we know of James' subsequent career (Transcribed to the best of my ability):

"These are to Certifie all whom it may concern that the Subscriber intends for Pencilvania by the first opportunity, any that please may speak with him at any time at John Waggonor's house with his family, this month.

Essex County April the 10th 1696. (Signed) James Waggener."

(Essex Deeds and Wills 9, page 36)

It is unknown if James actually went to Pennsylvania, but it would seem that this is possible, since there are apparently no further records of him in Virginia. In the will of his brother John, apparently dated February 21, 1696, he makes the following reference to James: ".... I give unto my Loving father my Coopers Tools a Laddle and two Bridles and If my Brother James Wagganner does not return, the horse that he left me."

3. v. MARGARET WAGGENER, b. Bet. 1675 - 1680, Virginia; d. Aft. 1739. 4. vi. SAMUEL WAGGENER, b. Bet. 1675 - 1680, Virginia; d. Abt. 1729, Essex Co., Virginia. 5. vii. DINAH WAGGENER, b. Bet. 1680 - 1685, Virginia; d. 1751, Essex Co., Virginia. 6. viii. BENJAMIN WAGGENER, b. Bet. 1690 - 1695, Essex Co., Virginia; d. Abt. 1749, Essex Co., Virginia.

John Waggoner's will: another source
Posted 03 Sep 2011 by Paducah63

John Waggener was born about 1643 in possibly Germany and died 1716 in Essex Co., Virginia. He married Rachel Ward before 1674. John to said to have been born in Germany but departed from England to the new land in America.

He married Rachel in Virginia and they lived on the north side of Hoskins Creek. This creek flows west into the Rappahannock River appears to be near the town of Tappahannock, Virginia.

The Waggeners are being listed because of the Allen family connection. Two of John and Rachel's daughter's married Allen men, Erasmus and William Allen.

John Waggener left his will in Essex Co. Virginia. Wills and Deeds Book 14 pages 533-534. It was made 12th day of July seventeen hundred and fifteen and probated 15 May, 1716.

In the name of God amen, I John Waggener of Essex County being sick and weak in body but in perfect sense & memory thanks and praise be given to almighty God for it to bestow these outward blessings which it hath pleased ye almighty to bless me with in manner following first I bequeath my sole to almighty God yet give it hoping through the merits of my blessed Savior Jesus Christ to have forgiveness of my sins and to receive a joyful resurrection at ye Last day and my body to be decently buried at ye discretion of my executors hereafter mentioned (viz)

Item: I give and bequeath to my beloved wife Rachel Waggener the plantation I now live on and after her death it goes to my son Benjamin Waggener and his heirs forever.

I give to wife three negroes Doll Martin and Jugg during her natural Life and after her death I give negro Doll to my daughter Margaret ALLEN wife of William Allen for her & her heirs forever. I give ye negro boy martin to my son Benjamin and his heirs forever, I give to my son Samuel Wagoner the negro girl Jugg to him and his heirs forever.

Item: I give to my son Herbert Waggener one cow being in full of his portion.

Item: I give to my son Samuel Waggener one bedde and one cow being his full portion.

Item: I give to my son Benjamin Waggener one bed and bolster Rugg and blanket, one cow, a pott & pan

Item: I give to my daughter Dinah Allen wife of Erasmus Allen one cow

Item: I give to my daughter Margaret Allen wife of William Allen one cow

Item: it will that if my Negro woman Doll should ever have any more children than what I have already given that the next child she has shall go to Dinah Allen, wife of Erasmus Allen and his heirs and ye next negro child to go to Herbert Waggener and his heirs.

Item I give all ye remaining part of my estate be it of whatsoever nature or kind so ever real or personal I give to my beloved wife Rachel Waggener and to her disposal and I do make ordain my beloved wife Rachel Waggener whole and sole Executrix of this my last will and testament utterly revoking and denying all other wills heretofore made by me In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal this 12th day of July seventeen hundred and fifteen.

John Waggener (Seal)
Witness: William Daingerfield
Peter Byrom

The last will Testament of John Waggener deceased was presented and proved by Rachel Waggener Executrix therein named and was also further proved by ye oaths of William Daingerfield and Peter Byrom. Ye Evidences thereto and is recorded

At the same time the will was probated, Rachel Waggener, her son-in-law, Erasmus Allen and William Winston gave bond in the amount of one hundred and fifty pounds sterling as surety for Rachel Waggener, that she perform the conditions of the will.

John Waggoner's will: another source
Posted 03 Sep 2011 by Paducah63

John Waggener was born about 1643 in possibly Germany and died 1716 in Essex Co., Virginia. He married Rachel Ward before 1674. John to said to have been born in Germany but departed from England to the new land in America.

He married Rachel in Virginia and they lived on the north side of Hoskins Creek. This creek flows west into the Rappahannock River appears to be near the town of Tappahannock, Virginia.

The Waggeners are being listed because of the Allen family connection. Two of John and Rachel's daughter's married Allen men, Erasmus and William Allen.

John Waggener left his will in Essex Co. Virginia. Wills and Deeds Book 14 pages 533-534. It was made 12th day of July seventeen hundred and fifteen and probated 15 May, 1716.

In the name of God amen, I John Waggener of Essex County being sick and weak in body but in perfect sense & memory thanks and praise be given to almighty God for it to bestow these outward blessings which it hath pleased ye almighty to bless me with in manner following first I bequeath my sole to almighty God yet give it hoping through the merits of my blessed Savior Jesus Christ to have forgiveness of my sins and to receive a joyful resurrection at ye Last day and my body to be decently buried at ye discretion of my executors hereafter mentioned (viz)

Item: I give and bequeath to my beloved wife Rachel Waggener the plantation I now live on and after her death it goes to my son Benjamin Waggener and his heirs forever.

I give to wife three negroes Doll Martin and Jugg during her natural Life and after her death I give negro Doll to my daughter Margaret ALLEN wife of William Allen for her & her heirs forever. I give ye negro boy martin to my son Benjamin and his heirs forever, I give to my son Samuel Wagoner the negro girl Jugg to him and his heirs forever.

Item: I give to my son Herbert Waggener one cow being in full of his portion.

Item: I give to my son Samuel Waggener one bedde and one cow being his full portion.

Item: I give to my son Benjamin Waggener one bed and bolster Rugg and blanket, one cow, a pott & pan

Item: I give to my daughter Dinah Allen wife of Erasmus Allen one cow

Item: I give to my daughter Margaret Allen wife of William Allen one cow

Item: it will that if my Negro woman Doll should ever have any more children than what I have already given that the next child she has shall go to Dinah Allen, wife of Erasmus Allen and his heirs and ye next negro child to go to Herbert Waggener and his heirs.

Item I give all ye remaining part of my estate be it of whatsoever nature or kind so ever real or personal I give to my beloved wife Rachel Waggener and to her disposal and I do make ordain my beloved wife Rachel Waggener whole and sole Executrix of this my last will and testament utterly revoking and denying all other wills heretofore made by me In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal this 12th day of July seventeen hundred and fifteen.

John Waggener (Seal)
Witness: William Daingerfield
Peter Byrom

The last will Testament of John Waggener deceased was presented and proved by Rachel Waggener Executrix therein named and was also further proved by ye oaths of William Daingerfield and Peter Byrom. Ye Evidences thereto and is recorded

At the same time the will was probated, Rachel Waggener, her son-in-law, Erasmus Allen and William Winston gave bond in the amount of one hundred and fifty pounds sterling as surety for Rachel Waggener, that she perform the conditions of the will.

Virginia Colonial Abstracts, Vol. II

Waggoner, John (I4113)
7 John Stockbridge settled in Scituate in 1638. In 1656, he purchased half the mill privilege from George Russell, including a saw mill, then built a gristmill before 1660 and operated it in partnership with Russell. Also before 1660, he built the mansion, which was used as a garrison for the mills. Stockbridge, John (I2075)
8 lived all his life at Barton St. David. He is the earliest known member of this Adams family line. He is listed in the Muster Roll for the tything of Barton in 1539 as "able bylman fyndyng harnys". He was charged with the duty of providing one "bowe" (bow) with a sheath of arrows as a tax on his goods. His wife was Alys (Alice) ___?* and she is the mother of Henry Adams* (c1531-___?). Adams, John (I9101)
9 ""SOOLARD John, Frenchman, May 24, 1672. CT. R.;" 24 Sep 1672 inventory; intestate; "ordinary keeper"; Verbal will of John Soolart of Wenham [Essex Probate II:283] attested by widow Elizabeth. Names John as her oldest son.; also Sarah, Hanah., Martha, Joseph, Abigaill and Bethia as they come of age. Two daughters had already received their portion." Solart, John (I1442)
10 "In 1679, John Ingersoll became one of the 'seven pillars' who founded the Westfield Church." His public relation, a statement made when he joined the church at Westfield, was recorded by "the great Puritan poet Edward Taylor, who was the minister at Westfield" and is "remarkable ... for its revelation of" John Ingersoll's "intense spiritual and psychological suffering." "The Relation of Brother John Ingerson" as recorded by Edward Taylor, minister at Westfield, states,

I being brought by Godly Parents, who tooke great pains & Care to bring me out of a State of Nature into a State of Grace in watching over me, in keeping me from Sin, & Sabbothbreaking, in bringing me to attend the word preached, read, & in Cathechising I'd little regard itt, but onely for fear of them. The first time, to my rememberance, that God met with me was by a Sermon I heard at Darby in old England upon Ps. 15.1,2 ["Lord, who shall abide in thy tabernacle? who shall dwell in thy holy hill? He that walketh uprightly, and worketh righteousness, and speaketh the truth in his heart."] when I was about 18 years old, whereby I was Convinct that as yet I was none that should inherit the holy Hill of Zion, but I thought I would labour to be one that Should. But this Conviction was soon over & I went on in my Sin & vanity still. & tho' I met with many Conviction that my State was bad, & was in many dangers both at sea, & land; & I saw I must Repent, & become a new Creature if ever I ment to be Saved, yet I put repentance off till afterwards. But being under Mr. Stones Ministry I was convincd that the time was come that I must not put Repentance off any longer, for the Lord had granted me the thing wherein my excuses lay & therefore I set upon Duties, & reformed in many things, & having a book of Mr. Jeremiah Burroughs I read much in it, about Faith, & Hope, & was much incouraged, till I met with an Expression thus, that if my Hopes were not such as would stand with every line of the word of God at the day of Judgment they would availe me nothing. Then being troubled I threw the book a side for a while thinking that altho' he was a good man he was too Strict, & mistaken therein. & that I did believe, & that he that did believe should be saved & therefore my State was good. But coming to Northampton I heard Mr. Mather the first time upon that, that in the world ye shall have trouble, but in Christ you may & shall have peace, which incouraged me for a while. But afterwards his preaching did not please me but I thot I would keep my hopes. And the Lord visiting me with sickness that I was neer death, yet I thot I was well enough prepared for death & was not willing to hear to the Contrary: But the Lord in great mercy was pleased not to take me away in that Condition. But remaining still Confident of my good Estat, I, as I was on atime into the meadow to work, thot nothing should dash my hopes thereof. But presently the thoughts of [blank] who murdered himselfe Coming into my mind, I for a while much wondered at it. But my thots soon runing thus, What if God should leave me? then I should do so. & the temptation came so hard upon me that God would leave me, & I should certainly dy such a death; be guilty of mine own Blood, & be damned irreconcilably, that I was not able to go on to my business; but returning home, the temptation prevaild more, & more upon me, & I was filled with horrour of Conscience, the Lord did so manifest his wrath & Displeasure against me: & my Sins were like mountains ready to sink me down into Hell every moment. & not being able in the night to sleep, was forced to rise up at midnight, & Call up my Father in Law, who hearing how it was with me, & that I feared I had sinned the unpardonable Sin; & that there were no Hopes of mercy, gave me good Counsell, & prayed with me. & after having some abatement I returned home, & remain'd in that Condition: But the Lord after awile was pleased to abate the temptation, & his wrath a little. & I fell to reading & praying in Secret; being incouraged to look to Jesus Christ for mercy. But Mr. Mathers Ministry was like daggers in my heart. For when I was labouring to lay hold on Christ, as I thot, by Faith, it did so rip up my State in such a way as dashed my hopes, whereby, me thot, I was one that went about to Establish mine own Righteousness, & to have something of mine own to Carry me to Christ. Wherefore I Studied upon what terms Christ was to be had, I prayed, Searched the Scriptures, & attended all duties; but could find no way to get a pardon, of Sin, & peace with God, but by Repentance of all Sin, & a Closing with Jesus Christ by Faith. I thot I was willing to part with all Sin, & would gladly be delivered from it, as seing what a Condition it had brought me into. As for the world, I accounted it not worth regarding, so I could but get an Intrest in Christ Jesus. But how to believe I knew not. I heard many Descriptions of Faith, yet could not tell what it was, nor how to gett it. Mr. Mather being upon the work of Humiliation said be humble enough, & good enough; I thot it was the Pride of my heart, that I was so impatient; & could not wait Gods time. I saw there was hopes of mercy for me in Jesus Christ. He came into the world to save his people from their Sins: With him the Fatherless finde Mercy; He gives gifts to Rebellious ones; the Chiefe of Sinners. He Is able to Save all to the uttmost, & will by no means cast off any that come to him. & tho' I could not come to him of myselfe, yet he is able to bring me to, & keep me with, himselfe, then reading that Isa. thou has brought me no Sweet Cane - but hast made me to serve with thy Sins; yet I am he that blotteth out all thy Sins for my names sake. Whereupon I found myself willing, & was inabled to Cast myselfe upon the Lord Jesus Christ, to give up myselfe & all unto him; to leave my Sins, & Corruptions to him to do as he pleased. & So to leave myselfe with him, let him do, what he would with me. & if I did perish at last, yet it should be in his way, remembring Peters words, Lord to whom should we go thou hast the words of Etemall Life.

Greene comments concerning John Ingersoll's relation, David L. Greene, "The English Origin (and Spiritual Turmoil) of John Ingersoll of Westfield, Massachusetts," New England Historical and Genealogical Register 151 (1997), 153-165, at 156-157

This relation begins conventionally enough: all Puritans who commented on the fact had "Godly Parents." The "Mr. Stone" whose ministry persuaded Ingersoll to make one of several attempts at repentance was the Rev. Samuel Stone of Hartford, and Ingersoll's statement that "the Lord had granted me the thing wherein my excuses lay" is probably a reference to his first marriage. The annotators of the relation identify the work that made Ingersoll consider the English Puritan divine Jeremiah Burroughs "a good man" but "too Strict" as Gospel-Revelation in Three Treatises (London, 1660). In Northampton, however, we move beyond the conventional, and we gain sharp insight into the personality of John Ingersoll, for it was there that he entered into intense spiritual and psychological agony, for such it certainly was. The Northampton minister, the Rev. Eleazer Mather, first displeased Ingersoll, probably because Ingersoll was already satisfied with his spiritual condition. Even a severe illness did not change his mind. But one day, while working in the meadow, he thought about an unnamed individual who had committed suicide, and he was so strongly tempted to do so himself that he could not sleep that night and awoke his father-in-law to share his agony. Thomas Bascom prayed with him until the suicidal temptation had abated. [Greene relates in a footnote that it could not have been Thomas Lord who prayed with John Ingersoll, for he had died several years before his daughter Dorothy became John Ingersoll's first wife.] The rest of the relation becomes conventional again as Ingersoll describes his acceptance of the Puritan view of salvation. Ingersoll's morbid desire to destroy himself would today be called clinical depression. But giving it another name does not change the agony and despair that he experienced. In describing it in such gripping terms, John Ingersoll gives us greater insight than we could ever expect into the sufferings of an ordinary individual now dead for over three hundred years.
Ingersoll, John Sr. (I6726)
11 "Radical Royalist" during Revolutionary War Soule, Benjamin (I1452)
12 "The history of the Alison or Allison family in Europe and America, A.D. 1135 to 1892 : giving an account of the family in Scotland, England, Ireland, Australia, Canada, and the United States" says (p. 153) William's ancestor from Northern Ireland but of Scot's blood is unknown. Allison, William (I9464)
13 "This is the entry from Ebenezer's bible:
in son Benjamin's writing: 'Ebenezer Soule departed this life on the 9th day of January, 1812 in the 67th year of his age. He then left five sons and seven daughters to mourn the loss of the departed father. All of the above-named sons and daughters had the privilege of attending the funeral of their father.'  
Soule, Ebenezer (I1448)
14 "Upon view of the dead body of Will[ia]m Batemen, an inquisition [is] taken at Charleton, the 18th day of September, Anno Domini 1630,... [13 jurors} say, upon their oaths, that the aforesaid Will[ia]m Batemen was set on shore upon the neck of land near Pullen Point ([now Point Shirley], in the bay of Mattachusetts, by a shallop of one Mr. Wright (which brought him from Plimouthe), upon Wednesday last, being very sick & weak & being left there with one Mr. Ralfe Glover & others who had a shallop in that place; but being forced to leave her there, because the wind was contrary, they, returning home, left him such provisions as they found the said Will[ia]m Bateman dead, about the highwater mark, near their boat, about a stone's cast from the place where they lefty him. So the jury presents that he died by God's visitation." Bateman, William (I6441)
15 1. Edward DUDLEY was born on 6 Jan 1601 in Bristol, Gloucestershire, England. He was christened in Bristol, Gloucestershire, England. He died on 6 Feb 1655 in Lancaster, Lancaster, Virginia, USA. He was buried about 6 Feb 1655 in , Lancaster, Virginia, USA.

Edward married Elizabeth PRITCHARD about 1636 in Bristol, Gloucester, England. Elizabeth was born about 1600 in Bristol, Gloucester, England. She died on 2 Oct 1691 in Yorks, , , Virginia, USA.

They had the following children:

+ 2 M i. Colonel Richard DUDLEY Sr. was born about 1623. He died on 5 Jun 1695.

+ 3 M ii. William DUDLEY was born in 1621. He died in 1677.

4 F iii. Elizabeth DUDLEY . 
Dudley, Edward (I1955)
16 1st child & 1st son, of 6 sons & 3 daughters, per C. David McKay's notes McKay, Sylvester (I302)
17 1st victim of Judge Jeffrey's Bloody Assizes.
Alicia was charged with the treason of harboring the King's enemies when she gave shelter to John Hickes. She thought he was seeking shelter for religious dissent, however, he was being sought for treason. Three times the jury found the 80 year old Alicia innocent and three times Judge Jeffries refused to accept the verdict. Originally sentenced to be burnt at the stake, James II commuted the sentence to beheading at the intercession of the Clergy of Winchester. She was beheaded in Ringwood Market Square. 
Beconsawe, Alicia (I5385)
18 25 April 1861 Priv Served Indiana Enlisted B Co. 6th Inf Reg. IN Mustered Out at Indianapolis, IN on 02 August 1861 bet 25 Apr - 22 Aug 1861 Stevens, Francis Marion (I74)
19 2nd marriage Family (F109)
20 2nd son, of 6 sons & 3 daughters McKay, Orson (I298)
21 4. William Rusco (John Rouscoue, John) was born about 1593 in Billerica, Essex County, England. He died 1682 in Jamaica, Queens, New York. He married (1) Rebecca Unknown in England. William married (2) Hester or Esther Mussey(Muzzey) before March 24, 1835.

William I Rusco emigrated to New England in 1635 on the ship Increase. He settled first at Newtown (Cambridge), Massachusetts. William and his sons, Nathaniel and John, are the original Founders of Hartford, Connecticut in 1640, having moved to the area about 1639. They moved to Norwalk, Connecticut in 1655 and William later moved to Jamaica, Long Island, New York with his son Samuel.

Taken from the New England Historical and Genealogical Register, Volume 71, Pages 112-115, Printed 1917:

William Ruscoe or Rescoe, born about 1593, came to New England in the spring of 1635 in the ship Increase, the passenger list stating that Wm. RUSCO, husbandman, ages 41, his wife, Rebecca, aged 40, and his four children, Sara, aged 9, Marie, aged 7, Samuel, aged 5, and Wm. aged 1, embarked at London 13 April 1635, the father having a certificate from the minister in Billericay, Co. Essex, that he was not a subsidy man. (Drake's Founders of New England, page 22.) Evidences in New England show that, in addition to the four children above named, WILLIAM RUSCOE had also two onder sons, named NATHANIEL and JOHN, the ommission of whose names from the shipping list seems strange. This WILLIAM RUSCOE was doubtless a near relative of ROGER RUSCOE of Sawbridgeworth, probably a younger brother. The name is variously spelled RUSCOE, RESCOE, RESKEWE, RESKOE, RESCUE, RESCOWE, etc. Tradition inthe Ruscoe family of Norwalk, Connecticut has persistently claimed a Huguenot origin from the family.

William Ruscoe was evidently an adherent of Rev. Thomas Hooker, as he first settled with the latter at Newtowne (now Cambridge), Massachusetts, and then in 1636 followed him to Hartford, Connecticut, where in February 1639/40 he appears as a grantor to Richard Seemer, and on 14 December 1650 as a grantee from Richard Semer. (Hartford Land Records, Volume 1, Pages 167-77). In February 1649/50, he was appointed to keep the prison at Hartford. Before 27 August 1857, he had followed his son, John, to Norwalk, Connecticut, as he appears in a list of inhabitants there at that date. He continues to appear in Norwalk records until as late as 15 July 1665, when he "William Rescoe of Norwalk" he sold his homestead there to Joseph Fenn for 60, his son "John Ruskoe" being one of the witnesses to this deed. He then removed across the Sound to Jamaica, Long Island, where he died in 1682.

The Will of William Ruscoe of Jamaica, Long Island, 5 August 1680. To son John, now living in Norwalk in New England, 5s. To the children of my daughter Sarah 20 among them, when of age. To Alice, daughter of my son Samuel, pewter utensils. To son Samuel all lands, houses, etc. Wife [unnamed] to be executrix. Witnesses: Peter Smyth, William Creed, Thomas Williams. Proved 13 December 1682. (Abstracts of Wills on File in the Surrogate's Office, City of New York, volume 1, page 121, published in Collections of the New York Historical Society.)

He married first, in England, about 1620, Rebecca _________, born about 1594, who came with him to New England in the spring of 1635, but died soon thereafter; and secondly, at Cambridge, Massachusetts, in February or March 1645/6, Hester Musse, a widow. On 24 March 1635/6 "I, William Ruskew now husband of the lat widdow Hester Must haue by her Consent sold unto John Bemiamin on accar of grouwnd," etc. (Proprietor's Records of Cambridge, page 36.)

William Rusco and Rebecca Unknown had the following children:

+ 8. Nathaniel, born about 1620 in England.

+ 9. John, born about 1623 in England.

+ 10. Sarah, born about 1625.

+ 11. Mary, born about 1627.

12. Samuel, born about 1629, died at a young age.

13. William, born about 1633, died unmarried, before 1680

William Rusco and Hester/Esther Mussey/Muzzey had the following children:

14. Samuel, born 12 May 1647/8. He married Mercy _______. 
Rusco, William (I11647)
22 4th child & 4th son, of 6 sons & 3 daughters, per C. David McKay's notes McKay, Joseph Warren (I300)
23 Austin Family Link Austin, Francis (I6310)
24 Choate Family Link Choate, Christopher VI (I7033)
25 Hillborn Family Link Hillborn, Thomas (I1500)
26 Chronology

1705 Jan 15
 – Otho French was christened 15 Jan 1705 in Sherborne, Dorset, England, the son of Samuel and Ann French.
1707 Jan 12 – Otho French’s christening date as stated in Anne Arundel County, MD, after he immigrated.
1709 Nov 10 – Emma Dowlin was born, the dau. of William Dowlin who was born ca. 1689.
1720-1726 – As Otho’s parents did not immigrate to Maryland, he probably immigrated during this time, but no records have been found. So far it appears as though he’s the only sibling to immigrate. All others were buried in England.
1727 Jul 30 – Otho married Emma Dowlin (or Jamemma Dowling) in All Hallows Church, Westminster Parish, Anne Arundel, MD, an Anglican church (the Church of England).
1729-1749 – Otho and Emma had 10 children: Samuel, Otho Jr., Ann, Agnes, Benjamin, William, Martha, Israel, Emma, Joanna.
1733 Sep 8 -- Thomas Rutland 12.25 A AA £441.19.1 £357.8.0 Sep 8 1733. Thomas Rutland d. 24 Dec 1731 in South River, Anne Arundel, MD.
A second inventory is cited in the amount of £7.15.0. Received from: Humphry Meridith, John Jacob Clough, Stephen Steward, Otho French, William Witherly, John Lawson, Philip Hammond, Nicholas Watkins, Elisabeth Coyle, Abigail Hudson, Moses Adney, Thomas Hinton, William Tucker.
1736 Mar 5 – Murdock Dowlin of Anne Arundel County died and was probably a relative of Otho’s wife, Emma Dowlin.
1741 May 12 – Otho, cordwainer (shoemaker), aged 33, made a written deposition to the Court attesting that he was a tenant on the plantation where Stephen Warman lived and that he knew him to be of sound mind at the time Stephen made his will and during his last days [27].
1742 Jan 26 -- Deed of purchase of land in 1742 by Otho French from John Hopper of 100 acres of “Wade’s Increase” which were 2 pieces of land, one was 75 acres and the other was 40 acres in Anne Arundel County, MD. It had been part of a grant to Robert Wade in 1678. On the property deeds, Otho was called a “planter,” the common term for holders of large acreage. See below Deed of Purchase.
1754 – Otho mortgaged “Wade’s Increase” to Henry Hall for 61 pounds and 18 shillings [27]. Henry Hall Sr. was b. May 1695 in Charles, Washington, MD, and d. 9 Dec 1773 in Frederick, Frederick, MD. Both the French and Hall families a couple generations later moved to Ohio living nearby each other; in fact, William Hall lived with Otho French (of another generation), as William’s father, Henry Hall Jr., had died.
1765 – Otho mortgaged “Wade’s Increase” to Nicholas Maccubbin for 90 pounds, 12 shillings. The Maccubbin family has 2 gravestones at the All Hallows Church Cemetery. No French gravestone exists.
1776 – At age 69, Otho lived in All Hallows Parish, Anne Arundel Co., MD, according to the Maryland Census, 1772-1890. His household consisted of 2 white males and 1 white woman. Presumably, the two males were Otho and one of his sons, and the woman was his wife, Emma. The census also showed William French in All Hallow’s Parish, presumably Otho’s son living separately and not yet married, as well as son Benjamin French in St. James Parish.
1776 Nov 25 – Otho transferred the deed “Wade’s Increase” to his son, William.
1778 Sep – Otho repaid the sum of 112 pounds, 16 shillings and 5 pence to Nicholas Maccubbin and the mortgage was released.
1780 May 8 – Otho died previously to this date. An inventory dated 1780 found in Anne Arundel County records, reads:
An inventory of goods and chattels of Otho French, late of Anne Arundel County, deceased, appraised in current money of this province, by us the subscribers (being thereto lawfully authorized and sworn) this eighth day of May Anno Domini One Thousand Seven Hundred Eighty (1780). 
Following is a list of household goods, tools, feather beds, furniture, and twenty-seven pounds of pewter, two yearlings, etc. are the signatures of the appraisers, Joseph Howard and Thomas Henry Hall; and in closing was written: July 29, 1780 came William French, son of Otho French and made oath to the truth of the within inventory.
1780 Apr 5 – Emma Dowlin French died. In her will dated 1780, she left “whatever she had to son, William, daughter Ann, and daughter Joanna.” Apparently Otho predeceased her [27].
1780 Jul 29 – Otho’s son William made oath to the truth of the within inventory of his father [27]. Both Otho and his wife, Emma, died in 1780 and their son, William and his family, remained in Anne Arundel County. Otho’s son Israel moved to Frederick County, and son Otho Jr. moved to Baltimore County. Israel’s son, Otho, moved to Ohio in 1799 and had son Otho in 1814 at the old home place on Tacoma, two miles east of Barnesville.
1793 –An accounts testament list was drawn up 13 years after Otho’s death, made by his son, William, listed the assets of Otho French. It gave a final statement of money for the accountants and showed disbursement of funeral expenses [27]. 
French, Otho (I39366)
27 Click for a gallery of Doris (Petersen) Stevens photos Petersen, Doris Francis (I11)
28 Click for a gallery of Juanita (Freeman) McKay photos Freeman, Juanita May (I5)

"When Paul was old enough to work he went from home to live with a Mr. Knox. When he was about 14 he went into the Army as chore boy and waiter but soon acted as cook for the officers. He served many a meal for General Washington. After serviving as cook some length of time he entered the regular service as a soldier. At the close of the war he was honorably discharged and returned to his native town. He married Comfort Norton 19 Jun 1786 and they were the parents of 12 children, two died in infancy. The grandparents of 35 grandchildren and 84 great-grandchildren. Paul was twice elected as a Representative to the State Legislature and served twenty-one years in all as Justice of Peace. In 1825 Paul with his youngest son Linas left his old eastern home and started for the New Connecticut as the Western Reserve was then called. He purchased 240 acres of wildland, a part of it a little north of Drakesburg where he cleared off a place enough for a house and garden and sent for his family the next year." 

Larkcom, Paul Sr (I447)

 Ralph was given a license to leave England on January 10, 1651. He possibly died at sea on the voyage to America, because no subsequent record has ever been found for him, either in England or America. 

Sheldon, Radulphus Isaac (I7088)

 Uncle Chris was the only sibling to leave East Chicago, which he did when his first wife was stricken with TB at a time when the only thing they knew what to do with it was to flee to LA for the dry climate, which they did.  However Helma became a Christian Scientist and when their baby got sick out there and she refused to see a doctor and the baby died it broke the marriage.

Petersen, Christian C. (I85)

* from: "Griswold Family" vol II--pg. 32


John Griswold was a farmer; prominent & leading citizen. Deacon for many years. Served on important civil committees. Deputy 1690. Captain 1712. Served in the Narragansett War. The town granted him six acres for his services in the Indian Wars. Died 7 Burial in congregational cemetery, Clinton,CT. It is possible that Bathsheba is buried in vacant space next to his tombstone



* He removed from Windsor, probably with his father, and went to Killingworth. Evidently a man of intelligence and character, John Griswold was a deacon of the church, had property and was influential in the community. He was deputy from Killingworth to the CT General Court, 1690, 1697-99, 1701-04, 1707-12, 1715, and 1716. From 1697 to 1702 he was representative from Killingworth. In 1712 he was captain of the train band in Killingworth, and was also a soldier in the Narragansett War. In 1714 he was a member of the Governor's Council. He married first Mary, died 10/27/1679, 4 children. He married second Bathsheba, died 3/19/1736, 12 children. Ancestral File has death in Windsor, CT.






Settled in Killingworth.


Deacon of the church and member of the General Court for 28 sessions.






All children recorded in Killingworth records




Christening listed as 18 Nov 1649 (before birth date). 
Griswold, John (I8991)

...Lon Hubbard again. He describes to me a shooting between Buck McKinney and his brother, Ed. It occurred while his father John C Hubbard engaged in the business of keeping a saloon. He had closed for the night and was fixing up his days accounts, when Buck came to the door and wanted to enter. Hubbard refused and Buck who had in the meanwhile gone to a window threatened to break the shutter open. Ed who had armed himself with a pistol and was present, told him if he attempted to carrry out his threat he would shoot him. Buck procedded to break the shutter open when Ed fired the ball grazing Buck's cheek, and the broken glass striking him in the face and inuring it so severely that as Lon says, "Buck cannot to this day shhave without pain or drawing blood." Lon witnessed the fight between Buck and the man he ____ and has promised me a full account of it. He relates as our ____ istance of Bucks ____ that subsequently to the shooting above narrator. J C Hubbard got into a difficulty over a game of cards at McCabes tavern and McCabe who was a much stronger man took him by the throat and choked him against the wall. Buck who was present came to the rescue of Hubbard and attacked McCabe so vigorously that he was compelled to cry quicks.

Hubbard, John Clark (I367)

1634 To Dorchester Purchased "Trowbridge Homestead" from Deputy Gov. Danforth in 1675., arrived in New England about 1636. 

Trowbridge, Thomas (I5406)

2nd February 1550, Sir Francis Bryan died suddenly at Clonmel in Ireland. He had settled in Ireland after marrying Joan Butler, dowager countess of Ormond, and had travelled to Tipperary as Lord Justice “to check the incursions of the O’Carrolls”.

He did indeed have one eye – He lost an eye jousting in 1526 and historian Susan Brigden writes of how he joked about it “for he wrote of the one-eyed Robert Aske ‘I know him not, nor he me … yet we have but two eyes’ (LP Henry VIII, 11.1103)”.

His birthdate is not known but is thought to be around 1490.

He was the first surviving son of Sir Thomas Bryan and Lady Margaret Bryan (née Bourchier) who was lady-in-waiting to Queen Catherine of Aragon and governess to Princess Mary, Princess Elizabeth and Prince Edward.

Brigden believes that Bryan may have spent some of his youth in the household of Sir Thomas Parr of Kendal, Westmorland, in Northamptonshire because he later referred to him as his patron. Parr was the father of Queen Catherine Parr.

His sister, Elizabeth, married Sir Nicholas Carew.

He was Anne Boleyn’s cousin – His mother was Elizabeth Boleyn’s half-sister.

In April 1513 he was Captain of the Margaret Bonaventure.

In 1516 he became the King’s cupbearer.

He was known for his skills at jousting and hunting and became the King’s master of the toils in 1518, a position he held for the rest of Henry VIII’s reign.

He was also known for his rich clothing.

in 1518 he became a gentleman of the privy chamber – He lost this position in Wolsey’s purge but then regained it in 1528.

Bryan was knighted in 1522 for his courage during the capture of Morlaix in Brittany, serving under the Earl of Surrey.

His first wife, who he was married to by 1522, was Philippa, daughter and heir of Humphrey Spice and widow of John Fortescue of Ponsbourne in Hertfordshire. The marriage was childless.

Bryan had a reputation for gambling and was a court favourite.

By 1526 he held the position of chielf cupbearer and master of the henchmen.

During the King’s Great Matter, Bryan was Henry VIII’s “trusted emissary to those with most power to bring about the king’s remarriage: Clement VII and François”.

Brigden writes of Bryan, “Bryan became known for his unusual willingness to tell the king the truth, but also for his employment of dubious means to gain diplomatic ends”, and writes of how he slept with a courtesan at the papal court to gain intelligence.

Bryan was the one who informed the King of his excommunication in August 1533.

In the 1530s he served as sheriff, JP and MP.

In May 1536, when the Boleyns fell from power, he was summoned to London for questioning but was not arrested. He had previously distanced himself from the Boleyns and allied himself with the Seymours.

Bryan was sent to tell Jane Seymour the news of Anne Boleyn’s execution and benefited from Anne’s fall, becoming Chief Gentleman of the King’s Privy Chamber.

Thomas Cromwell referred to Bryan as “the vicar of Hell” in a letter to Gardiner and Wallop on the 14th May 1536. According to Catholic recusant Nicholas Sander, the King also referred to him by this nickname. Sander writes “This man was once asked by the king to tell him what sort of a sin it was to ruin the mother and then the child. Bryan replied that it was a sin like that of eating a hen first and its chicken afterwards. The king burst forth into loud laughter, and said to Bryan, “Well, you certainly are my vicar of hell.” The man had been long ago called the vicar of hell on account of his notorious impiety, henceforth he was called also the king’s vicar of hell.”

Bryan’s motto was Je tens grace (‘I look for salvation’) and he was a staunch Catholic. Brigden writes “He owned a copy of the Matthew Bible of 1537, and was intrigued by the humanist enterprise of scriptural translation and exegesis. Although he could not translate scripture himself, he was the patron of scholars of Greek who could, and his own household was a kind of academy.”

In 1537 he was sent to Paris to secretly arrange the kidnap or assassination of Cardinal Pole but it was suspected that he actually tipped Pole off.

He acted as ambassador to Francis I in 1538 in Nice while Thomas Wyatt acted as ambassador to Charles V but was recalled due to his reckless gambling, drunkenness and all round bad behaviour. He never acted as ambassador to the French king ever again.

Bryan sat on the jury which found his brother-in-law, Carew, guilty of treason in 1539.

He was appointed vice-admiral in January 1543 but this was revoked in the February after he went against the instructions of John Dudley, Viscount Lisle and lord admiral.

In October 1543 he acted as ambassador to Charles V.

In October 1546 he was given the freedom of the City of London.

He was made knight-banneret in 1547 for his role in the expedition against the Scots as commander of the horse.

After his wife’s death in 1542 “he followed Wyatt’s satirical advice to marry a wealthy widow” and in 1548 married Joan Butler, dowager countess of Ormond, and daughter of James fitz Maurice Fitzgerald, tenth earl of Desmond.

Brigden describes how “through his marriage Bryan wielded Ormond authority in south Leinster, controlling the estates of Thomas Butler, tenth earl of Ormond (1531–1614), in his minority and a private army of gallowglasses in co. Kilkenny” and “Through the office of lord marshal, to which he was appointed in January 1549, he commanded royal forces in Ireland”. Bryan had become a powerful and wealthy man.

He died in Ireland on the 2nd February 1550, his last words allegedly being “‘I pray you, let me be buried amongst the good fellows of Waterford (which were good drinkers)’”.

Like his good friend Thomas Wyatt, Bryan was a poet.

Thomas Wyatt wrote of Bryan:

“To thee, therefore, that trots still up and down

And never rests, but running day and night

From realm to realm, from city, street, and town,

Why dost thou wear thy body to the bones?”

There are no portraits of Sir Francis Bryan.

Bryan, Francis (I12866)

"Huguenots left France in droves to escape further persecution.  This was true of Thomas, as depicted in the following biographical sketch.


Thomas Routtes was born around 1555, and in 1573 married Annn Burell, born about 1556.  Ann died young, her death date unknown.  Fleeing Catholic persecution, Thomas and his sons left France, travelling to London, England in 1598 where they changed their name to Roote.  By 1599, Thomas anand sons had moved to Badby, England, where he married Frances Russell.  She died the following year. 


The following is from a supplement to the 1983 Register of Qualified Huguenot Ancestors, compiled by the Registrar General of the National Huguenot Society:

b. c1555; m.  d. 5 Apr 1609 in Northampton, England.  Their son JOHN, b. 1575; m 1600 Badby, England to Mary Russell. Listed in 1598 as an alien in London. 


Of note is the fact that Thomas and his sons were listed as aliens in London; meaning the sons (John: 1576, Edmund: 1579, and Ralph 1585) were all born in France, not England, as many genealogists maintain.  Thomas’s son John, my 8th great grandfather, lived out his life in Badby, England, where he presumably died in 1622."

Roote, Thomas (I11160)

 John sailed from England on August 24, 1635 aboard the Constance enroute to Virginia.

In June 1638, when Lord Baltimore of Maryland ordered an attack of the Viriginia Islands of Kent and Palmer, which were under the protection of Capt. Claiborne, Secretary of the Colony of Virginia, John escaped by ship and left Virginia. John's name first appears on New Haven, CT records in 1642

Griffin, Sgt John (I5561)

1658, July 6. At a Court holden at Hempstead. Whereas, Henry Linington, besides other evil practices unto the disturbance of Christian order and peace, and to the violation of the laws, to the great dishonor of God and to the evil example of the nations under which we live, hath solicited Deborah Sturgis; Be it therefore ordered that he shall forthwith be committed to the Marshal's custody (who is hereby authorized to apprehend him and in sure and safe manner to keep him in ward, until he shall give sufficient security in recognizance in the value of 500 guilders for his good behavior, in default thereof he is to be sent unto Manhattans, and within 3months he is to be banished out of the town's limits.)

HHis bondsmen were his father and brother-in-law, Lawrence and John Ellison. To defend them harmless he bound himself, his chattel and estate, both moveable and unmoveable to stand in caution and be security.

1659.-At a Court held May 1.- Whereas Lawrence Ellison hath entered into recognizance that Henry Linington should submit to the sentence of this Court pronounced against him, viz., to depart the town, and mean time to be of good behavior, and now supplicates to have his bond cancelled, this Court doth order that the recognizance shall stand in force until the sentence of the Court shall be performed.

At a Court holden by a general town meeting, September 3, 1659, at the house of Mr. Richard Gildersleeve, magistrate, upon the supplication of Henry Linington, it was granted that his banishment should be remitted, and he was then restored again, upon promise of reformation, unto the liberties belonging to an inhabitant.

Lennington, Henry Richard (I5044)

1673 Feb 8 Friends Records state `Rebecca Cornell, widow, was killed strangely at Portsmouth in her own dwelling house, was twice viewed by the Coroner's Inquest and buried again by her husband's grave in their own land'.   May 25, heher son Thomas ws charged with murder, and after a trial that now reads like a farce, was convicted and executed.   Among the witnesses of this rial were John Briggs (brother of Rebecca), Mary, wife of John Cornell (her son), Thomas Stephen, Edward and John, sons of Thomas2, Rebecca Woolsey (her daughter), etc.

It appears that the old lady, having been sitting by the fire smoking a pipe, a coal had fallen from the fire on her pipe, and that she was burned to death.  sp; But on the strength of a vision which her brother John Briggs had, in which she appeared to him after her death, she said `See how I was burned with fire.'   It was inferred she was set fire to, and that her son who was last with her did it; and principally on this evidence Thomas Cornell was tried, convicted and hung for her murder.   

Briggs, Rebecca (I4690)

Thomas Stanton was a Puritan. He came to America in 1635 in the Bonadventure to Virginia. From there he walked to the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Thomas Stanton served as an interpreter on a mission to Saybrook, Connecticut with the Pequot Indians. He served as Gov. Winthrop's interpreter with the Indians at other times. He worked with the Rev. Abraham Pierson on transnslation of the catechism into the Indian language.

He was one of the first white men to join William Cheesbrough in settling the Pawtucket Valley. He got permission from the General Court of Connecticut to raise a house there in February 1650. Thomas Stanton moved his family there to Pawtucket in Stonington in 1657.

Stanton, Thomas (I2403)

 "William de Visdelieu, in 1300, married Rose, sister and heir of Elizabeth de Shotisbroke; by whoom he left an only son, Sir Simon Vis-de-lieu, who left two daughters, co-heiresses, between whom his large estate became divisible."—

Visdelou, William (I2010)

William Wooding (Wooden/Woodin) probably came to New England as a young man. In 1643, he was in New Haven Colony where he married Sarah Clark (called Sarah Ollard by Savage and in NHVR) on October 25, 1650.

He was fined 5 shillings for "drunken disorderly conduct on a Lord's day at night at the prison" on April 5, 1644. He was in the records again in February of 1646 when he informed the court thaat three times he had fetched Mrs. Turner's cattle from John Meggs hay. He was propounded a freeman of New Haven in October of 1669.

William & Sarah were parents of ten known children. At his death, he left the widow, Sarah, and five daughters.

Wooding, William (I3341)

Thomas Cranmer (2 July 1489 – 21 March 1556) was a leader of the English Reformation and Archbishop of Canterbury during the reigns of Henry VIIIEdward VI and, for a short time, Mary I. He helped build the case for the annulment of Henry's marriage to Catherine of Aragon, which was one of the causes of the separation of the English Church from union with the Holy See. Along with Thomas Cromwell, he supported the principle of Royal Supremacy, in which the king was considered sovereign over the Church within his realm.

After the accession of the Roman Catholic Mary I, Cranmer was put on trial for treason and heresy. Imprisoned for over two years and under pressure from Church authorities, he made several& recantations and apparently reconciled himself with the Roman Catholic Church. However, on the day of his execution, he withdrew his recantations, to die a heretic to Roman Catholics and a martyr for the principles of the English Reformation.

Cranmer, Thomas (I2666)

A prominent English soldier and scholar, who supported the Parliamentary cause during the English Civil War, and was imprisoned a number of times during the Protectorate and the English Restoration for his strong republican views

Governor of Hull, England under Oliver Cromwell; commanded a brigade at Dunbar and Inver Keithing, major General, Commanded a brigade of Ironsides under Cromwell

Overton, Robert (I12859)

Albert Andriese Bradt was born 26 August 1607 in Fredrikstad, Smaalenenes (now in Østfold, Norway)  a town at the mouth of the Glommen, the largest river in Norway. Fredrikstad was a brand new city when Albert was born.  After Sarpsborg was burned to the ground during the Northern Seven Years’ War, the ruling king, King Frederik II, of Denmark, decided by to rebuild the city 15 kilometers south of the original location. The name Fredrikstad was first used in a letter from the King dated 6 February 1569. The temporary fortification built during the Hannibal War (1644–1645)  became permanent in the 1660s.

In the early records he is often called Albert de Noorman (the Norwegian). After 1670 he became known as Albert Andriesz Bradt. His parents were Andries Arentse BRADT and Aeffi Eva Pieterse KINETIS.  Whether he was related to the Bratts of Norwegian nobility, can not be ascertained. The Bratt family lived in Bergen, Norway, before the early part of the fifteenth century, when it moved to the northern part of Gudbrandsdalen. It had a coat of arms until about the middle of the sixteenth century. Since that time the Bratts belong to the Norwegian peasantry. They have a number of large farms in Gudbrandsdalen, Hedemarken, Toten, and Land.

He was listed as a 24 year old sailor when he married Annatje Barentse VAN ROTMERS on 11 Apr 1632 at the Oude Kerke, Amsterdam, Netherlands.  They emigrated on the Arms of Rensselaerswyck which had a particularly long voyage, beginning at Amsterdam 25 Sep 1636,  sailing from Texel on 8 Oct 1636, and not arriving in Rensselaerwyck (Albany NY) until 7 Apr 1637.  After Annatje  died, he married Pieterje Jans. Pieterje died in 1667 and he married third Geertruy Pieterse Coeymans.  Albert died 7 Jun 1686 near Albany, NY.

Bradt, Albert Andriese (I9176)

Anders Andersson married Christina Goolbrant.

This family were members of the crane hook Congregation Church. Anders Andersson, better known as Anders the Finn, was sent to New Sweden from the fortress of Älvsborg in 1642/443 as a punishment. After becoming a freeman, Anders the Finn encountered difficulties with Governor Printz. Anders and his fellow freemen included in their 1653 petition the prayer that Anders the Finn be allowed "to keep the woods that the Lord Governor has judged him in forfeit of so that his wife and children may not starve to death." Printz countered by claiming it was a "legal judgment," but in a second bill of particulars, presented to Governor Rising in 1654 (again signed by Anders), the freemen stated: "As concerns the rye of Anders the Finn, we have considered his great poverty, and we went to the provost marshall Gregorius Van Dyck and asked him to go to the Governor to ask him to be a little lenient with Anders the Finn, as he would become completely impoverished by this. The Governor, however, made this out as a mutiny, which in truth can never be proven." In 1656, Anders the Finn was accused of stealing grain from the field of Pål Jönsson Mullica's wife. Anders was residing in Upland in 1661/63 when he again was involved in litigation, first as the landlord of Jacob Jongh at the time the latter eloped with Lars Lock's first wife in 1661, and then again in 1663 when he complained that Evert Hendricksson the Finn "daily commits acts of insolence before his, the deponent's, door by beating, shooting and other disorderly acts, and if nothing is done about it, he will have to leave the village in order to live in peace." Dr. Timen Stiddem confirmed his testimony, and others testified that Anders' wife did daily meet Evert the Finn in secrecy at Pål Petersson's house. Soon thereafter, Anders the Finn removed his wife and family to Deer Point, which he owned in common with Sinnick Broer and Walraven Jansen DeVos on a creek west of Christina that would soon be known as Anders the Finn's Creek, now known as Little Mill Creek. He was at this location by 19 January 1667/8 and received his own patent on 1 September 1669. A month later another patent was issurd, to Anders Andersson and 19 of his associates, to erect a mill on Anders the Finn's Creek. In 1670 he sent a note (also signed by his son Justa Andersson) warning of the approach of 25 Indianans who threatened to attack the English at New Castle. The last discovered reference to Anders was a deed executed on 1 September 1673 by Anders Andersson and his wife Christina Goolbrant conveying their one third of the Deer Point plantation to their two sons, Justa Andersson and John Andersson. Anders also had daughters Anna (married to Nils Larsson Friend, and Brita(married to Olle Rawson).

Andersson, Anders (I10883)

Angus, born about 1449 at Tantallon Castle in East Lothian, succeeded his father, George Douglas, 4th Earl of Angus, in 1462 or 1463 at the age of just fourteen.


In 1481, Angus became Warden of the East March, but the next year he joined the league against James III and his favourite, Robert Cochrane, at Lauder. Here he is said to have earned his nickname by offering to "bell the cat"—specifically, to deal with Cochrane—beginning the a attack upon him by pulling his gold chain off his neck, and then ordering the hanging of Cochrane and others of the king's favourites from Lauder old bridge (the site of which is in the grounds of Thirlestane Castle). The earliest written sourcce for the story is in David Hume of Godscroft, the Douglas family biographer.[2] The phrase "to bell the cat" comes from the fable "The Mice in Council", erroneously ascribed to Aesop, and refers to a dangerous task undertaken for the benefit of all.


Subsequently he joined Alexander Stewart, Duke of Albany, in league with Edward IV of England on 11 February 1483, signing the convention at Westminster which acknowledged the overlordship of the English king. However, in March Albany and Angus returned, outwardly at least, to their allegiance, and received pardons for their treason.


After a period of peace between them, Angus and the king again started to quarrell. Angus now decided to rebel against the king. Having the support of the Scottish nobility this time, he marched against James III and they fought the Battle of Sauchieburn during which the king was killed.


Angugus became one of the guardians of the young king James IV. but soon lost influence, to the Homes and Hepburns, and the wardenship of the marches went to Alexander Home. Though outwardly on good terms with James, Angus treacherously made a treaty with Henry VII around 1489 or 1491, by which he undertook to govern his relations with James according to instructions from England. He also agreed to hand over Hermitage Castle, commanding the pass through Liddesdale into Scotland, on the condition of receiving English estates in compensation.


In October 1491 he fortified his castle of Tantallon against James, but had to submit and to exchange his Liddesdale estate and Hermitage Castle for the lordship of Bothwell.


In 1493 Angus again returned to favour, receiving various grants of lands. He became Chancellor, which office he retained till 1498. In June 1497 he opened talks for the surrender of Perkin Warbeck at 'Jenyn Haugh'.[3] In 1501, in disgrace once more, he was confined to Dumbarton Castle. At the disaster at Flodden Field in 1513, though absent himself, Angus lost his two eldest sons. As the Scottish nation licked its wounds, Angus won appointment as one of the councilors of Margaret Tudor the queen regent; but the newly appointed councilor died at the end of October 1513.[4] His successor to the Earldom of Angus was his grandson, Archibald Douglas, 6th Earl of Angus.

Douglas, Earl Archibald of Angus (I10189)

Anne Derehaugh was connected to royalty in England. She was born in about 1584 to William Derehaugh and Mary Wright of Badingham, England, which is in Suffolk. Anne was one of ten children; her mother was said to be a direct descendant of King John, the English monarch who signed the Magna Carta. In about 1603, Anne married John Stratton of Badingham and they had nine children. John was "an admitted pensioner to Caius College, Cambridge in 1602." 


Anne's father died in about September 1610 and her mother died in early 1622. Mary Derehaugh left a will naming some of her children and some of her grandchildren, giving them bequests. Anne's husband died in about May 1627; as oldest soson, he had inherited most of the property of the Stratton family, which passed to Anne after his death. This included the house where she lived, Kirkton Manor, as well as another house called Thurkalton.


In abouut 1630, Anne and her oldest son John, sold Kirkton Manor; it had been in the Stratton family for over 250 years. John, migrated to the Massachusetts Bay colony in 1631, where he had been granted 2,000 acres. A few years later, Anne also migrated there with daughters Elizabeth and Dorothy, arriving on April 15, 1635 aboard the ship Increase. The Stratton family settled in Salem.


In 1641, Anne hired a lawyer in Boston to recover the inheritance of her childldren from her mother's will of 20 years earlier back in England. The implication is that the grandchildren needed to reach a certain age before receiving the bequests. Anne was recorded in 1642 as being a "plaintiff in suit against Wm. Pester at Ipswich." This was the last mention of Anne and her date of death is unknown.

Derehaugh, Anne (I1004)

Anne Lovelace was born about 1610 in Bethersden, Kent, England. She was the daughter of a knight, Sir William Lovelace (1583-1627) and Katherine Ann (Barne) Lovelace (1587-1633). Anne was also the sister of at least 2 brothers who became known, Governor Francis Lovelace of New York. Appointed Deputy Governor of Long Island and in 1668 became Governor of New York 1668-1673, until the city was captured by the Dutch 30 July 1673. Served as a Colonel for forces loyal to Charles I during the English Civil War. He died in Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England, United Kingdom. Another famous brother was Sir Richard Lovelace Richard Lovelace was an English Nobleman and poet. His "Lucasta" poems brought him fame., English poet, a country gentleman and a justice of the peace. He died in London, England. She was also the sister of Thomas Lovelace who died in Staten Island Plantation, New York, Colonial America. William Lovelace, VI died in Carmarthenshire, Wales, United Kingdoom. Capt. Dudley Lovelace died in Woolwich, Kent, England, United Kingdom. Anne also had 2 sisters: Joanna (Johanna) Lovelace died in St Catherines, London, England and Elizabeth Lovelace who died in England.


Anne married Rev. Dr. John Gorsuch in Wicocomico, Northumberland, England in 1628. John was the son of Daniel Gorsuch and Alice (Hall) Gorsuch. John and Anne set up home in London. John Gorsuch received his Doctorate of Divinity Degree from Cambridge University and became the Rector of Walkern. John Gorsuch became Rector of Walkern (Walkhorne) Parish (in Hertford Parish), Hertfordshire, England July 28, 1632, his father having purchased this rectory for him. Four years after their marriagage the young couple settled at the new parsonage house in Walkern. John Gorsuch subsequently received his Mandate for Presentment, instituting him as Rector, signed and sealed on behalf on King Charles.


Rev. John and Alice (Lovelace) Gorsuch were the parents of the following known children: Katharine (Gorsuch) Whitby, David Gorsuch, William Gorsuch, John Gorsuch, Jr., Robert Gorsuch, Anne (Gorsuch) Todd, Richard Gorsuch, Joanna Gorsuch, Frances (Gorsuch) Sisson, Elizabeth (Gorsuch) Howard, Charles Gorsuch, Lovelace Gorsuch and Mary (Gorsuch) Keene.


In the book "Ancestral study of four families, Roberts, Griffith, Cartwright, Simpson: covering lineal and collatateral relations of my child", it states that Anne is the daughter of Sir William and Ann (Barne) Lovelace of Woolwidge, England and the granddaughter of Sir William Lovelace of Bethersden, Kent, England. States that she married Rev. John Gorsucch D.D., and their daughter, Ann Gorsuch married Captain Thomas Todd. Page 854 in this book.


In the book "To Maryland from Overseas" on page 85, it states that Anne was the wife of John Gorsuch, Rector of Walkorne , Hertfordshire as a widow with her children emigrated to the America colony of Virginia.


Notes on She received under her father's will, dated 1622, "all my adventures in the East India Company with all the profits to be paid to her at the age of 21 or marriage". By her mother's will, dated 1v-32, there is left to "Anne Gorsuch my daughter my third suit of diaper which I made in the Low countries". She went to Virginia, probably about 1650 and soon after the death of her husband, with her younger children and died there (Va. Mag. xxiv; 90). Letters of administration were issued in England, 2 June, 1652, to "Daniel Gorsuch son of Anne Gorsuch, late of Weston, co. Hertford but deceased in parts beyond the seas, widow" (Prerogative Court of Canterbury Administrations 1668). She had issue by her husband Rev. John Gorsuch, eleven children whose fortunes and descendants have been traced by the writer in the preceding volumes of this magazine; viz.: (i) Daniel; (ii) John; (iii) William; (iv) Katherine married William Whitby; (v) Robert; (vi) Richard; (vii) Anna married 1st Capt. Thomas Todd, 2nd Capt. David Jones, 3d Capt. John Oldton; (viii) Elizabeth married Howell Powell; (ix) Charles; (x) Lovelace; (xi) Frances) Of these, Katharine, Robert, Richard, Anna, Elizabeth, Charles and Lovelace settled in Virginia or in Maryland, married, and with the probable exception of Robert, left numerous descendants (Va. Mag. xxiv-xxvii).


Anne and her family are also mentioned in the book "Pedigrees of Some of the Emperor Charlemagne's Descendants. Volume I" on page 189-190.


Anne died 1652 in LancasterCounty, Virginia, at age 41 early in the year

Lovelace, Anne Barne (I3605)

arl Hans Hauser was born in the Canton of Zurich, Switzerland about 1655, seven years after the close of the Thirty Years War (1618-1648). Though little remembered by modern historians, it was probably the bloodiest war in history. Catholic and Protestant armies raging back and forth across central Europe, were reeking unbelievable slaughter and destruction. Whole cities were destroyed and the surviving populations fled. One army alone, the Swedish Army, boasted of destroying ovever 1,200 cities and towns. People scattered in all directions to escape the carnage. Some historians claim that this war, with a little help from the bubonic plague, resulted in the deaths of about one third of the population of Europe. While iit is believed that Hauser's ancestors lived along the upper Rhine River Valley of (Württemberg) Germany, near the Swiss border, and had fled south to avoid the ravages of the 30-year war, his family had lived in Switzerland for at least two generations. They were followers of Huldrych Zwingley, the Swiss Protestant Reformer. Karl Hans, or Hans/John went "down river" (North on the Rhine River) and established himself in the small principality of "Onansbruck," a part of the Palatinate. He married Huldricha Row in about 1684-85, probably at Onansbruck (he would have been about 30 years old). In those days, Germany was made up of over fifty Principalities, Dukedoms, Earldoms and the like; each governed by the appropriate ruler. Though there is uncertainty about the precise location of "Onansbruck," it was likely a small principality of some 150 square miles, lying northwest of today's Wiesbaden.

The Good Life:

At any rate, Hans quickly became a prominent citizen in his community a successful merchant, deacon in his church and a supporter of the local government. It was customary in those days, that the local princes selected a few prominent citizens each year for honors. Karl Hans Hauser was so honored in 1686 at the castle in Heidelberg by Prince Henry VII, Prince Palatine. Hans was granted the title of "Von," equivalent to the British title "Sir."

Death and Destruction:

In 1688, Louis XIV, tthe Catholic King of France, in need of money to support his extravagant life-style, obtained a large loan from Pope Innocent XI on the condition that Louis would help stamp out the "Protestant hearsay that infests the Palatinate." The next year, Louis ordered his army into that German principality lying west of the Rhine River and launched severe measures of repression against the Protestants there. The Protestant leaders were driven out or imprisoned. At first, the French imposed reppressive taxation, then outright confiscation of property, houses and livestock of the Protestant inhabitants. Resisting government officials were killed and their property confiscated or destroyed. Protestant Church buildings were burned and thhe Protestants were forbidden to assemble. Louis was forced to withdraw his army in 1698 by a combination of political pressure from neighboring countries and a lack of money to keep the campaign of terror going. But, as they withdrew, the French Army turned their cannon against the cities and towns they had evacuated and reduced them to rubble. They drove off or killed the livestock and burned the houses, barns and fields. In short, they invoked a "scorched earth" policy that completely devastated the 8,000 square miles of the Palatinate. The dazed and heartsick population was left in complete poverty without shelter or food nor the implements or funds to create housing and rebuild agriculture to feed themselves. It was an utter wasteland.

From the Old Country to the New:

In 1703, Karl Hans Von Hauser and his family escaped the ravaged Palatinate and sailed the 160 miles from Rotterdam at the mouth of the Rhine River, to London, England. The English Government, under the "Queen Ann Act," paid for his transportation. He remained in London for about three years and sailed to the New World with one or two of his children. In 1707, Hans Hauser appears on a tax list at Germantown, Pennnsylvania, some 15 miles up the Schuylkill River from Philadelphia. In 1708 he returned to London to retrieve the rest of his family. On the 15th of June 1709, Hans Hauser, his wife Huldricha and three children sailed from the port of London for America. Hans (a.k.a. John) Hauser appears on the 1711 tax list of the Conestoga community in the southern part of what is now Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. Conestoga was, if you will, an early day "factory" town, having not only the customaary commercial retail trade but a large fraction of the people engaged in manufacture of cloth, clothing, furniture, leather goods and vehicles. The famed "Conestoga" wagons used by many Americans in their westward migration were originally built in Conestoga using a design that was brought from Europe and featured the characteristic overhanging canopy on the front and rear. Hans Hauser (Karl Hans Von) established himself in Conestoga at the age of about 55 and for the next eleven years he engaged in his trade as a weaver of fine linens and socks. He was also associated with Hans Webber, and Hans' son, Johnannes "Hance" Webber (John's son-in-law), both prominent Mennonites, in the development of a near-by 150,000 acre tract of land known as the "Bondelli Tract." 

Karl Hans Von Hauser died in Conestoga about 1722. He was survived by his wife, Huldricha Row (1660-1734) and at least seven probable children. 

Von Hauser, Karl Hans (I6782)

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